Thanks to all who helped here; I've been mostly lurking for many months :-) But the dialog between all of you folks has been great and taught me alot! I messed up mostly on areas that I left 'til the end to really concentrate on; mostly IO, AWT, and the java.util stuff. Big mistake - I should've spent a lot more time on those! I spent a lot of time here and there studying for the past 8 months or so - I should've made it more of a rigorous routine! For prep, I used JWhiz (bought the two-fer-one sale to get JWhiz and SCWDWhiz together), and also the Mughal book, and Eckel. Also used Marcus's site. Thanks again to all! Now to see if Marilyn will let me back on the Cattle Drive after all this time!