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JQplus QID:953582884020

George Dee-Brown
Ranch Hand

Joined: Mar 15, 2001
Posts: 35
JQplus is contradicting Mughal!
Its states the following as being a correct option:
"Anonymous classes cannot be static"
Mughal P243 states "The context determines whether the anomymous class is static" - meaning it can be static if defined in a static context (ie static method).
Any opinions? My money is with Mughal...
regards,
George
Jane Griscti
Ranch Hand

Joined: Aug 30, 2000
Posts: 3141
According to the JLS an anonymous class is never static.

JLS �15.9.5
An anonymous class is always an inner class (�8.1.2); it is never static (�8.1.1, �8.5.2).

They can be declared in a static context however that does not make them static classes.
------------------
Jane Griscti
Sun Certified Programmer for the Java� 2 Platform
[This message has been edited by Jane Griscti (edited July 02, 2001).]


Jane Griscti
SCJP, Co-author Mike Meyers' Java 2 Certification Passport
Chuck Lorenz
Greenhorn

Joined: Jul 06, 2001
Posts: 6
Khalid Mughal posted the following on July 09, 2001 in the Programmers Certification Study forum in response to a similar question.
JLS quote:
"An anonymous class is never abstract (�8.1.1.1). An anonymous class is always an inner class (�8.1.2); it is never static (�8.1.1, �8.5.2). An anonymous class is always implicitly final (�8.1.1.2)."
If you look carefully you will see that the word "static" refers to the keyword in the above quote. I choose to interpret this as meaning that an anonymous class cannot be declared static (<--- keyword).
In our explanation, we are using the word "static" in the non-keyword sense of the word to indicate "an anonymous class declaration in a static context". As the examples presented in this discussion have shown, an anonymous class declared in a static context cannot access instance members in its enclosing context. This is the point we wanted to get across and the fact that such a class is instantiated without any outer object.
We will make sure that such confusion about terminology does not arise in any future edition of the book.
wbw,
khalid mughal
 
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