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what is the result of the following .. (byte)0x81 >> 2 the answer given is FFFFFFE0. I do understand that before any shift operation , it will be converted to Int. How come byte 0x81 becomes int 0xFFFFFF81 ? can anyone explain this? Baskaran.

Although you cast 0x81 to byte, it still gets promoted to int before shift. As the highese bit of 0x81 is 1, when it's promoted to int, it takes the 1 and propagates it all the way to the leftmost bit, which oxFFFFFF81. Hope that helps.

Sunita Vontel
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Joined: Aug 28, 2000
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Doet it mean when a byte is promoted to an integer , if it is filled with 0 or 1 depends on the leftmost bit??

Hi, i couldn't get u.. can u tell me how could u arrive at oxFFFFFF81 in detail.. thanks

Originally posted by Tian: Although you cast 0x81 to byte, it still gets promoted to int before shift. As the highese bit of 0x81 is 1, when it's promoted to int, it takes the 1 and propagates it all the way to the leftmost bit, which oxFFFFFF81. Hope that helps.

Hi all. I think there may have been a mistake somewhere that propagated through this post. The original question is: "what is the result of the following .." (byte)0x81 >> 2 The correct answer is 0xFFFFFFE0 (NOT 0xFFFFFF81). You can test it for yourself with the following little program:

Here are the steps to get this result: 0x81 (hexadecimal) is equal to 129 (decimal) which is 10000001 (binary). So there is the byte value. Next, before the right shift occurs, the byte is promoted to an int. Because the most significant bit in the original byte is a 1, 1's are used to fill in the upper bits of this integer. So we get this: 11111111 11111111 11111111 10000001 Now we do our right shift by 2, and we get this: 11111111 11111111 11111111 11100000 Finally, we convert the binary to hexidecimal: 1111 1111 1111 1111 1111 1111 1110 0000 F F F F F F E 0 So the answer is: 0xFFFFFFE0 Hope this helps. Stephanie