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Math.round()

kavita desai
Greenhorn

Joined: Jul 09, 2001
Posts: 16
Hi, my question is from poddar's mock exam. isn't Math.round(f6) supposed to return -6?
{ float f4 = -5.5f;
float f5 = 5.5f;
float f6 = -5.49f;
float f7 = 5.49f;
System.out.println("Round f4 is " + Math.round(f4));
System.out.println("Round f5 is " +Math.round(f5));
System.out.println("Round f6 is " + Math.round(f6));
System.out.println("Round f7 is " + Math.round(f7)); }
ans: Round f4 is -5 Round f5 is 6 Round f6 is -5 Round f7 is 5
Mini Pilla
Ranch Hand

Joined: Jul 15, 2001
Posts: 112
Even I have faced this doubt.
Can somebody clarifies!!!
Thanx
Rajani
Ashish Hareet
Ranch Hand

Joined: Jul 14, 2001
Posts: 375
Here's how the round() method is in the source
<pre>
public static int round(float a) {
return (int)floor(a + 0.5f);
}
</pre>
And here's what the floor method does(since it's native refer to API)
<pre>
floor
public static double floor(double a)
Returns the largest (closest to positive infinity) double
value that is not greater than the argument and is equal to a mathematical integer.
Parameters:
a - a double value.
a - an assigned value.
Returns:
the largest (closest to positive infinity) double value that is not greater than the argument and is equal
to a mathematical integer.
</pre>
So to estimate the rounded off value we add 0.5 to our number & then get the largest double value that is not greater than the argument & is equal to a maths integer . For instance
Math.round(-5.49f)
Add 0.5 ---> -5.49 + 0.5 = -4.99
Get the largest double value
that's a maths integer
but not greater than the argument ----> -5
So , Math.round(-5.49) = -5

Correct me if I'm wrong ( First time i've looked at the source)
Ashish
[This message has been edited by Ashish Hareet (edited July 29, 2001).]
Mini Pilla
Ranch Hand

Joined: Jul 15, 2001
Posts: 112
Thanx Ashish.
Guoqiao Sun
Ranch Hand

Joined: Jul 18, 2001
Posts: 317
Hi, here is my method:

For round() method,
any number falling inside -5.5(inclusive)~-5.0 will get -5.0
any number falling inside +5.5(inclusive)~+6.0 will get +6.0
notice that the result is to positive x axis direction.
similarly,
any number falling inside -6.0~-5.5(exclusive) will get -6.0
any number falling inside +5.0~+5.5(exclusive) will get +5.0
notice that the result is to negative x axis direction.
Hope it helps.
Guoqiao

[This message has been edited by Guoqiao Sun (edited July 29, 2001).]


Guoqiao Sun<br />SCJP2 SCWCD2<br />Creator of <a href="http://www.jiris.com/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">www.jiris.com</a>, Java resource, mock exam, forum
kavita desai
Greenhorn

Joined: Jul 09, 2001
Posts: 16
Thanks a lot ashish and guoqiao.
Vedhas Pitkar
Ranch Hand

Joined: Jan 27, 2001
Posts: 445
Hi,
the round meth returns an int or long depending whether u pass a float or double as the argument.It adds 0.5 to the argument and returns the int closest to it.So -5.49 will return -5 and -5.7 will return -6.
 
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subject: Math.round()