This week's book giveaways are in the Refactoring and Agile forums. We're giving away four copies each of Re-engineering Legacy Software and Docker in Action and have the authors on-line! See this thread and this one for details.
There's no universal way to avoid deadlock for any given program. The way to prevent it is to design your application correctly. You'd be better off reading the large number of papers on the subject that you can find through any search engine. As this is a very complex subject, any answer here is going to be cursory at best.