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Help counting negative numbers in binary!

 
Mark Fletcher
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Hi,
This sounds like I should go back to kiddies school for posting something so rudimentary as this, but one of the big problems Ive had in sitting pass papers is the shift operators (>>, <<, >>>) and negative numbers. Ive got the exam coming up this Wednesday.
You see I can count positive numbers in binary ie
0001 = 1
0010 = 2
0011 = 3 and so on and so forth
But negative numbers..... I cant!
I can understand how the shift operators work, but unfortunately not how to count negative numbers in binary
Any help would be greatly appreciated!
Cheers,
Mark
 
Valentin Crettaz
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to get the negative counterpart of a positive number you have to do the following:
00101101 = 45
There are two basic steps to perform:
1. change all 0's to 1's and 1's to 0's
11010010
2. add 1 to the result
11010011
this last bit sequence is -45 (you notice the 1 on the left which indicates that it is a negative number)
HIH
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Valentin Crettaz
Sun Certified Programmer for Java 2 Platform
 
Mark Fletcher
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Thanks Valentin!
Thats allowed me to answer a lot of questions that I might otherwise have got wrong... Ive just gone over all the pass papers with those kind of questions and Ive got them correct!
Thanks for your help,
Mark
 
Valentin Crettaz
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Good job Mark
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Valentin Crettaz
Sun Certified Programmer for Java 2 Platform
 
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