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John Hunt mock exam Q 14

Moya Green
Ranch Hand

Joined: Jan 24, 2002
Posts: 49
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Q14 Which of the following do not lead to a runtime error?
A) "john" + "was" + "here"
B) "john" + 3
C) 3 + 5
D) 5 + 5.5
Select all correct answers.
-----------------------------------------------
I know the answer is ABCD.
My question is: Will B or D lead to a compile error since the first operand and the second operand are different type? Say:
System.out.println("john" + 3);
or
System.out.println(5 + 5.5);
What the printing results will be?
Many many thanks!
--Moya
Padma Shyam
Greenhorn

Joined: Feb 14, 2002
Posts: 7
In the statement System.out.println("John"+3)
3 is also converted into String and so the output is John3.
In the second one,numeric promotion takes place and so 5 is converted into double.The output is 10.5.
Jennifer Wallace
Ranch Hand

Joined: Nov 30, 2001
Posts: 102
All the above cases would work just fine!
> When the operator '+' is used with numeric operands, if both the operands are not of the same type then binary numeric promotion takes place.
So here, System.out.println(5 + 5.5);
Integer literal '5' is converted to floating point literal (5.0) and added with 5.5 giving you
10.5 as the result .
Please see rules for this conversion in the below specified link!
> '+' is also String Concatenation operator when even one of the operand is a string.
So, 'any datatype' + String = String
Here,
System.out.println("john" + 3);
Wrapper Classes are used to convert numeric datatypes to their corresponding Wrapper classes and then that ref. is converted to a String.
The exact rules are found here in JLS 15.18
http://java.sun.com/docs/books/jls/second_edition/html/jTOC.doc.html
Rajinder Yadav
Ranch Hand

Joined: Jan 18, 2002
Posts: 178
Try the following code to understand what is going on!
System.out.println(3+5+" = "+3+5);
If you guessed the output would be "8 = 8" then you're wrong
The output will be (drum roll please):
"8 = 35"
Why such an output? Statements are evaluated from left to right, actually the + operator is left associative. Here is the break down of the steps that take place:
step 1: 3+5 gets evaluated first, the two are both numbers so an arithmetic addition takes place
step 2: the result from step one gets added to the string " = ", the result is "8 = " since the + operator is overloaded to concat with strings
step 3: "8 = " gets added to interger value 3, since Strings overload the + operator to concat strings, the value 3 is promoted to a string object and added resulting in "8 = 3"
step 4: like string 3, with 5 getting added to a string


<a href="http://www.rajindery.com" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Rajinder Yadav</a><p>Each problem that I solved became a rule which served afterwards to solve other problems. --Rene Descartes
Moya Green
Ranch Hand

Joined: Jan 24, 2002
Posts: 49
Thank you, guys!
Your explanations are very helpful. I got it.
--Moya
mahesh zarkar
Greenhorn

Joined: Feb 14, 2002
Posts: 24
Mayo,
Where can i get the mock exams for Juhn Hunt.
Please advice.
Thank you.


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Valentin Crettaz
Gold Digger
Sheriff

Joined: Aug 26, 2001
Posts: 7610
There you go mahesh
http://www.javaranch.com/maha/_Mock_Exams/JohnJuntMockExam.htm


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mahesh zarkar
Greenhorn

Joined: Feb 14, 2002
Posts: 24
Thank you Valentin,
mahesh
 
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