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How many bits are there for UTF characters?

weiliu lili
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Joined: Apr 11, 2002
Posts: 46
How many bits are there for UTF characters?
Thomas Kijftenbelt
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Joined: Feb 13, 2002
Posts: 73
UTF-8 uses 1-3 bytes per character (the number of bytes depends on the character).
Jamal Hasanov
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Joined: Jan 08, 2002
Posts: 411
24 bits
Jamal Hasanov
John Dale
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Joined: Feb 22, 2001
Posts: 399
I presume by UTF, you are talking about the widely used UTF-8. UTF-8 uses 1 to 3 bytes, or 8 to 24 bits, per Unicode character, depending on the character.
There are other UTF formats, like UTF-16, that represent the data differently. UTF-16 uses 16 bits per character.
UTF-16 has the advantage of having all the characters the same size, while UTF-8 usually takes less space, at least if most of the characters can be encoded in 8 bits, like the displayable ASCII characters.
UTF-8 is more likely to be used when it is known that the data will be access serially, as when it is sent across the network. UTF-16 is used when the data might be access in random order, as in a file. For example, Windows NT/2000 use UTF-16 to store Unicode data on disk.
For an introduction to Unicode and encoding, you might look at The Unicode´┐Ż Standard: A Technical Introduction.
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subject: How many bits are there for UTF characters?
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