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Confusing shift operators.

Harry Singh
Ranch Hand

Joined: May 02, 2001
Posts: 124
What will be the result of
1<<32....and why is it equal to 1>>32 or 1>>>32.
As per my understanding, the bits will be shifted left and after 31 shifts the number will be reduced to zero as then it will be filled with zeros from right. Am i right?
In what conditions can unsigned right shift operator produce negative values?
Prem Kumar

Joined: Apr 02, 2003
Posts: 29
1 << 32 The left shift (<< shifts all bits to the left, filling the right side with zeroes,
1>>32 right shift (>> shifts all bits right, filling in the left side with whatever the sign bit was.
1>>>32 The unsigned right shift (>>> moves all bits to the right, but fills the left side with zeroes,
Uma Balu
Ranch Hand

Joined: Aug 22, 2003
Posts: 61
I think shifting the bits by 32 places, either left or right will result in the same number. Since, shift by number greater than or equal to 32 will always be a modulo of 32. That is, 1>>32 will be 1>>0 (1 >> (32%32)) , resulting in 1 itself.
Is my assumption right??
Anupam Sinha
Ranch Hand

Joined: Apr 13, 2003
Posts: 1090
Arun Subbu

Joined: Aug 30, 2003
Posts: 25
Hi Uma,
you are right but you didnt give him the complete picture.
Hi Harjinder,
in case of integers, it works like this:
opr1>>opr2 where opr2 = (opr2%32) if opr2 >= 32. for both left shift and right shift.
in case of long, it works like this:
opr1>>opr2 where opr2 = (opr2%64) if opr2 >= 64. for both left shift andirght shift.
now just think about short and try out how it works for a short?
Alton Hernandez
Ranch Hand

Joined: May 30, 2003
Posts: 443
Originally posted by Arun Subbu:
now just think about short and try out how it works for a short?

byte, short, char is the same as int i.e.
A unary numeric promotion to int is performed for these primitive types when used in a shift operation.
I agree. Here's the link:
subject: Confusing shift operators.
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