Hello look this question: Which of the following statements are true? 1 An inner class may be declared private 2 An inner class may be declared static 3 An inner class defined in a method should always be anonymous 4 An inner class defined in a method can access all the method local variables 5 Construction of an inner class may require an instance of the outer class
Answer and Exp : 1, 2, and 5 are correct. Inner classes may be defined with any accessibility, so private is entirely acceptable and 1 is correct. Similarly, the static modifier is permitted on an inner class, which causes it not to be associated with any particularinstance of the outer class. This means that 2 is also correct. Inner classes defined in methods may be anonymous--and indeed often are--but this is not required, so 3 is wrong.4 is wrong because it is not possible for an inner class defined in a method to access the local variables of the method,except for those variables that are marked as final. Constructing an instance of a static inner class does not need an instance of the enclosing object, but all non-static inner classes do require such a reference, n that reference must be available to the new operation.The reference to the enclosing object is commonly implied as this, which is why it is commonly not explicit. These points make 5 true. But J2SE specification says: "An inner class is a nested class that is not explicitly or implicitly declared static. " "Inner classes include local, anonymous and non-static member classes " So 2 is INCORRECT or no? I guess that the exam uses the terms: Top-level nested classes and interfaces to refer to static members inside a class. And an inner class like instance members of others class.So a inner class can never be declared static, but a nested class must be declared static. am I wrong or An inner class may be declared static? TO THE EXAM WHAT IS CORRECT? explain pls.
I don't think you'll get a question on the real exam that is based on that distinction (of terminology). If you should happen to, I'd go with what the spec says... FWIW, I don't remember any questions on my exam where that distinction would have made a difference.
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