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I am studying for the SCJP exam and have a couple things which have tripped me up so far on inheritance.
1. I understand that methods marked final are not inherited. But what about instance variables marked final? I'm thinking specifically about "constants" marked public static final. Are they inherited?
2. Are members marked private inherited? What I'm thinking of here is that in order to follow encapsulation best practices, I should mark my instance variables private and provide accessor methods. But if I do this, won't subclasses have to provide a whole new set of instance variables because private variables are not accessible to the subclass?
final methods and variables are inherited as long as they are marked public or protected. They just can't be overridden (or changed).
Nothing that is marked private is inherited, nor is visible beyond instances of the same class. If you want your subclasses to have direct access to member variables, they will need to be marked protected. Otherwise, you can always just use the public getter and setter methods, which is preferable anyway.
IMHO: this is correct for public, private or "default" access (included inner classes). (obviously default access can allow inheritance only for derived classes in the same package)
Actually, it is public, protected, and default members which are inherited (note that default members are only inherited by subclasses defined within the same package as the superclass). Private members are never inherited.