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Easy Way to remember Ranges of

Steve Bartholomew

Joined: Jul 18, 2005
Posts: 1
...Primitive values - any good tips

(eg - byte 8 bits, short 16 bits etc....)

any good websites / refreshers to help with converting bin to hex and so on?

Mark Spritzler

Joined: Feb 05, 2001
Posts: 17271

Well always remember that the signed primitives have one less positive value than negative.

For SCJP 5.0 you don't need to worry as much about this than say the 1.4 exam.


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K Bala

Joined: Jul 14, 2005
Posts: 28

Here is a formula to calculate the value range for primitive data types - byte to long.

Value Range = (-2^n-1) to (2^n-1)-1 where n is the size in bits.

So this is how it works.

Variable Type Size(in bits) Value
byte 8 (-2^7) - 2^7-1 (-128 to 127)
short 16 (-2^15) - 2^15-1(-32768 to 32767)
int 32 (-2^31) - 2^31-1
long 64 (-2^63) - 2^63-1

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subject: Easy Way to remember Ranges of
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