This week's book giveaway is in the OCAJP 8 forum. We're giving away four copies of OCA Java SE 8 Programmer I Study Guide and have Edward Finegan & Robert Liguori on-line! See this thread for details.
The first step in processing a method invocation at compile time is to figure out the name of the method to be invoked and which class or interface to check for definitions of methods of that name. There are several cases to consider, depending on the form that precedes the left parenthesis, as follows:
If the form is MethodName, then there are three subcases:
[list]If it is a simple name, that is, just an Identifier, then the name of the method is the Identifier. If the Identifier appears within the scope (�6.3) of a visible method declaration with that name, then there must be an enclosing type declaration of which that method is a member. Let T be the innermost such type declaration. The class or interface to search is T.
If it is a qualified name of the form TypeName . Identifier, then the name of the method is the Identifier and the class to search is the one named by the TypeName. If TypeName is the name of an interface rather than a class, then a compile-time error occurs, because this form can invoke only static methods and interfaces have no static methods.
In all other cases, the qualified name has the form FieldName . Identifier; then the name of the method is the Identifier and the class or interface to search is the declared type T of the field named by the FieldName, if T is a class or interface type, or the upper bound of T if T is a type variable.
I have renamed class Outer to XYZ because I found the name Outer is misleading. Test is the outer (or containing) class of class Inner. You can call Method() in the outer class as follows. Run main in class Test to see it work. [ September 14, 2006: Message edited by: Barry Gaunt ]