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System.err and System.out

Prahalad Deshpande

Joined: Oct 31, 2006
Posts: 14
Hi Ranchers,
Just wanted to get this straightened for me. Are System.err and System.out OBJECTS or are they PROPERTIES of the System class?

Thanks a lot in advance

Keith Lynn
Ranch Hand

Joined: Feb 07, 2005
Posts: 2398
out and err are static class variables in the System class that refer to PrintStream objects.
venkatesh pendharkar
Ranch Hand

Joined: Apr 29, 2006
Posts: 106
System class contains 3 static class variables:
public static final PrintStream out;
public static final PrintStream err;
public static final InputStream in

Because out is a reference variable of PrintStream class;the value returned by System.out must either be null or an object of class PrintStream.
When JVM starts an application running,it instantiates an object of PrintStream class & connects it to standard output device(Command prompt)
When PrintStream object is instantited by JVM,its reference variable is assigned to the "out" class variable of the System class.
Thus System.out returns an object of class PrintStream & in class PrintStream there is a method called println() which prints the string on screen.
So by System.out.println() ; we are able to print characters on screen.

I dont know much about err variable & whats its use.Can anyone tell?
I agree. Here's the link:
subject: System.err and System.out
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