o instanceof Moof should give result as false .Because "two" which is an objet of Moof is now assigned to Object o . So now o is the object of type Object . And Object is the parent class of all the classes so , Based on the above o instanceof Moof should be false ? Am i right ? Thanks [ December 19, 2007: Message edited by: Manishk Rai ]
When you assign an object of type Moof to the Object o, you don't really change the type of the actual object, you change just the type of a variable that refers to it. The real type of the object remains the same. The ability to refer to the subclass object using a superclass variable is the essense of polymorphism.
But how to define the real type of the object to which the "o" variable is referring? That's where you use the instanceof operator. During runtime, it checks that the actual type of the object is Moof, and as it is, the operator returns true.
unfortunately You are wrong. The reference o of the type Object can polymorphically refer to any subtype ob the class Object. And if you pass a Moof instance to the equals() method you will get a reference of type Object, which refers to the Moof instance on the heap and then o instanceOf Moof will be true.