This week's book giveaway is in the OCAJP 8 forum. We're giving away four copies of OCA Java SE 8 Programmer I Study Guide and have Edward Finegan & Robert Liguori on-line! See this thread for details.
Actually, you'd be better off asking on the PostgreSQL site about stuff like that.
However, IIRC, PostgresSQL triggers do have to be in the form of a function.
Don't assume that function == inefficient. First of all, most modern-day language implementations do significant optimizations. Secondly, proportionally, the overhead of a stock function call to straightline code is a miniscule fraction of what it was 30 years ago. <advice>NEVER "KNOW" where ineficiency is. You'll be wrong. MEASURE it.</advice>
Finally, realize that database operations are thousands of times slower than program operations. So the time taken for the trigger to to its cascade delete (as you seem to be showing) or do foreign key operations or whatever is far more significant the overhead of a function call.
An IDE is no substitute for an Intelligent Developer.