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CommunicationsException and Connection Pooling

 
Luke Shannon
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Hello;

I have a simple application that requires DB access. During some of it operations it was creating too many connections to the DB.

I created a simple connection pooling class.

This resolved the problem. The application obtains 10 connections to the DB and never needs any more than that.

The problem now is if the application has been used and than sits for a while (over night lets say). In the morning when I start it up I get the following exception:

com.mysql.jdbc.CommunicationsException: Communications link failure due to underlying exception:

** BEGIN NESTED EXCEPTION **

java.io.EOFException

STACKTRACE:

java.io.EOFException
at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.readFully(MysqlIO.java:1902)
at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.reuseAndReadPacket(MysqlIO.java:2348)
at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.checkErrorPacket(MysqlIO.java:2858)
at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.sendCommand(MysqlIO.java:1570)
at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.sqlQueryDirect(MysqlIO.java:1665)
at com.mysql.jdbc.Connection.execSQL(Connection.java:2978)
at com.mysql.jdbc.Connection.execSQL(Connection.java:2902)
at com.mysql.jdbc.PreparedStatement.executeInternal(PreparedStatement.java:930)
at com.mysql.jdbc.PreparedStatement.executeQuery(PreparedStatement.java:1024)
at model.contact.ContactOptions.getNames(ContactOptions.java:66)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:324)
at org.apache.commons.el.ArraySuffix.evaluate(ArraySuffix.java:314)
at org.apache.commons.el.ComplexValue.evaluate(ComplexValue.java:145)
at org.apache.commons.el.ExpressionEvaluatorImpl.evaluate(ExpressionEvaluatorImpl.java:263)
at org.apache.commons.el.ExpressionEvaluatorImpl.evaluate(ExpressionEvaluatorImpl.java:190)
at org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.proprietaryEvaluate(PageContextImpl.java:899)
at org.apache.jsp.secure.auction.Auction_jsp._jspx_meth_c_forEach_0(Auction_jsp.java:153)
at org.apache.jsp.secure.auction.Auction_jsp._jspService(Auction_jsp.java:117)
at org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:94)
at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:802)
at org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:324)
at org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:292)
at org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:236)
at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:802)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:237)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:157)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.invoke(ApplicationDispatcher.java:704)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.processRequest(ApplicationDispatcher.java:474)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.doForward(ApplicationDispatcher.java:409)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.forward(ApplicationDispatcher.java:312)
at servlet.auction.AuctionInit.doGet(AuctionInit.java:55)
at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:689)
at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:802)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:237)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:157)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:214)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardValveContext.invokeNext(StandardValveContext.java:104)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.invoke(StandardPipeline.java:520)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invokeInternal(StandardContextValve.java:198)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:152)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardValveContext.invokeNext(StandardValveContext.java:104)
at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:540)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardValveContext.invokeNext(StandardValveContext.java:102)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.invoke(StandardPipeline.java:520)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:137)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardValveContext.invokeNext(StandardValveContext.java:104)
at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:118)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardValveContext.invokeNext(StandardValveContext.java:102)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.invoke(StandardPipeline.java:520)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:109)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardValveContext.invokeNext(StandardValveContext.java:104)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.invoke(StandardPipeline.java:520)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.invoke(ContainerBase.java:929)
at org.apache.coyote.tomcat5.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:160)
at org.apache.jk.server.JkCoyoteHandler.invoke(JkCoyoteHandler.java:300)
at org.apache.jk.common.HandlerRequest.invoke(HandlerRequest.java:374)
at org.apache.jk.common.ChannelSocket.invoke(ChannelSocket.java:743)
at org.apache.jk.common.ChannelSocket.processConnection(ChannelSocket.java:675)
at org.apache.jk.common.SocketConnection.runIt(ChannelSocket.java:866)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.ThreadPool$ControlRunnable.run(ThreadPool.java:683)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:534)


** END NESTED EXCEPTION **



Last packet sent to the server was 91 ms ago.
at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.reuseAndReadPacket(MysqlIO.java:2560)
at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.checkErrorPacket(MysqlIO.java:2858)
at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.sendCommand(MysqlIO.java:1570)
at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.sqlQueryDirect(MysqlIO.java:1665)
at com.mysql.jdbc.Connection.execSQL(Connection.java:2978)
at com.mysql.jdbc.Connection.execSQL(Connection.java:2902)
at com.mysql.jdbc.PreparedStatement.executeInternal(PreparedStatement.java:930)
at com.mysql.jdbc.PreparedStatement.executeQuery(PreparedStatement.java:1024)
at model.contact.ContactOptions.getNames(ContactOptions.java:66)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:324)
at org.apache.commons.el.ArraySuffix.evaluate(ArraySuffix.java:314)
at org.apache.commons.el.ComplexValue.evaluate(ComplexValue.java:145)
at org.apache.commons.el.ExpressionEvaluatorImpl.evaluate(ExpressionEvaluatorImpl.java:263)
at org.apache.commons.el.ExpressionEvaluatorImpl.evaluate(ExpressionEvaluatorImpl.java:190)
at org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.proprietaryEvaluate(PageContextImpl.java:899)
at org.apache.jsp.secure.auction.Auction_jsp._jspx_meth_c_forEach_0(Auction_jsp.java:153)
at org.apache.jsp.secure.auction.Auction_jsp._jspService(Auction_jsp.java:117)
at org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:94)
at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:802)
at org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:324)
at org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:292)
at org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:236)
at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:802)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:237)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:157)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.invoke(ApplicationDispatcher.java:704)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.processRequest(ApplicationDispatcher.java:474)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.doForward(ApplicationDispatcher.java:409)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.forward(ApplicationDispatcher.java:312)
at servlet.auction.AuctionInit.doGet(AuctionInit.java:55)
at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:689)
at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:802)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:237)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:157)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:214)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardValveContext.invokeNext(StandardValveContext.java:104)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.invoke(StandardPipeline.java:520)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invokeInternal(StandardContextValve.java:198)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:152)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardValveContext.invokeNext(StandardValveContext.java:104)
at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:540)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardValveContext.invokeNext(StandardValveContext.java:102)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.invoke(StandardPipeline.java:520)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:137)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardValveContext.invokeNext(StandardValveContext.java:104)
at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:118)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardValveContext.invokeNext(StandardValveContext.java:102)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.invoke(StandardPipeline.java:520)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:109)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardValveContext.invokeNext(StandardValveContext.java:104)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.invoke(StandardPipeline.java:520)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.invoke(ContainerBase.java:929)
at org.apache.coyote.tomcat5.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:160)
at org.apache.jk.server.JkCoyoteHandler.invoke(JkCoyoteHandler.java:300)
at org.apache.jk.common.HandlerRequest.invoke(HandlerRequest.java:374)
at org.apache.jk.common.ChannelSocket.invoke(ChannelSocket.java:743)
at org.apache.jk.common.ChannelSocket.processConnection(ChannelSocket.java:675)
at org.apache.jk.common.SocketConnection.runIt(ChannelSocket.java:866)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.ThreadPool$ControlRunnable.run(ThreadPool.java:683)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:534)

I don't know what to do with this. Here is my connection pool class. Any tips or suggestions would be very welcome.

 
Jeanne Boyarsky
author & internet detective
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Luke,
As you've noticed, connections timeout after a while. The easiest solution is to catch the exception and try one more time. After the first one, the connection is dropped from the pool. The second request should get a new Connection.
 
Luke Shannon
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Hi;

Thanks for your response.

I am a little confused. Do you mean something like this?


[ August 15, 2005: Message edited by: Luke Shannon ]
 
Jeanne Boyarsky
author & internet detective
Marshal
Posts: 33694
316
Eclipse IDE Java VI Editor
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Luke,
Almost. You really only need one statement to get the connection:
con = DriverManager.getConnection(strCon);

The first one is implicit from when you call:
Boolean b = (Boolean) connections.get(con);
 
I agree. Here's the link: http://aspose.com/file-tools
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