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How should i encrypt my password?

SV Venugopal Rao
Greenhorn

Joined: Mar 08, 2006
Posts: 8
Hi to All,

I have entered my userid and password in a window. It is stored in Oracle table LOGIN. How should i encrpty my password in LOGIN table..
suggestions are appreciated...

Thanks,
Mohan Reddy
Greenhorn

Joined: Feb 10, 2006
Posts: 21
Hi Venu,,

There are many ways to encrypt ur password.
There is one javascript function which accepts password and returns as encrypted form...


Try this code.. it might be useful.....

/*
* A JavaScript implementation of the RSA Data Security, Inc. MD5 Message
* Digest Algorithm, as defined in RFC 1321.
* Version 2.1 Copyright (C) Paul Johnston 1999 - 2002.
* Other contributors: Greg Holt, Andrew Kepert, Ydnar, Lostinet
* Distributed under the BSD License
* See http://pajhome.org.uk/crypt/md5 for more info.
*/

/*
* Configurable variables. You may need to tweak these to be compatible with
* the server-side, but the defaults work in most cases.
*/
var hexcase = 0; /* hex output format. 0 - lowercase; 1 - uppercase */
var b64pad = ""; /* base-64 pad character. "=" for strict RFC compliance */
var chrsz = 8; /* bits per input character. 8 - ASCII; 16 - Unicode */

/*
* These are the functions you'll usually want to call
* They take string arguments and return either hex or base-64 encoded strings
*/
function hex_md5(s){ return binl2hex(core_md5(str2binl(s), s.length * chrsz));}
function b64_md5(s){ return binl2b64(core_md5(str2binl(s), s.length * chrsz));}
function str_md5(s){ return binl2str(core_md5(str2binl(s), s.length * chrsz));}
function hex_hmac_md5(key, data) { return binl2hex(core_hmac_md5(key, data)); }
function b64_hmac_md5(key, data) { return binl2b64(core_hmac_md5(key, data)); }
function str_hmac_md5(key, data) { return binl2str(core_hmac_md5(key, data)); }

/*
* Perform a simple self-test to see if the VM is working
*/
function md5_vm_test()
{
return hex_md5("abc") == "900150983cd24fb0d6963f7d28e17f72";
}

/*
* Calculate the MD5 of an array of little-endian words, and a bit length
*/
function core_md5(x, len)
{
/* append padding */
x[len >> 5] |= 0x80 << ((len) % 32);
x[(((len + 64) >>> 9) << 4) + 14] = len;

var a = 1732584193;
var b = -271733879;
var c = -1732584194;
var d = 271733878;

for(var i = 0; i < x.length; i += 16)
{
var olda = a;
var oldb = b;
var oldc = c;
var oldd = d;

a = md5_ff(a, b, c, d, x[i+ 0], 7 , -680876936);
d = md5_ff(d, a, b, c, x[i+ 1], 12, -389564586);
c = md5_ff(c, d, a, b, x[i+ 2], 17, 606105819);
b = md5_ff(b, c, d, a, x[i+ 3], 22, -1044525330);
a = md5_ff(a, b, c, d, x[i+ 4], 7 , -176418897);
d = md5_ff(d, a, b, c, x[i+ 5], 12, 1200080426);
c = md5_ff(c, d, a, b, x[i+ 6], 17, -1473231341);
b = md5_ff(b, c, d, a, x[i+ 7], 22, -45705983);
a = md5_ff(a, b, c, d, x[i+ 8], 7 , 1770035416);
d = md5_ff(d, a, b, c, x[i+ 9], 12, -1958414417);
c = md5_ff(c, d, a, b, x[i+10], 17, -42063);
b = md5_ff(b, c, d, a, x[i+11], 22, -1990404162);
a = md5_ff(a, b, c, d, x[i+12], 7 , 1804603682);
d = md5_ff(d, a, b, c, x[i+13], 12, -40341101);
c = md5_ff(c, d, a, b, x[i+14], 17, -1502002290);
b = md5_ff(b, c, d, a, x[i+15], 22, 1236535329);

a = md5_gg(a, b, c, d, x[i+ 1], 5 , -165796510);
d = md5_gg(d, a, b, c, x[i+ 6], 9 , -1069501632);
c = md5_gg(c, d, a, b, x[i+11], 14, 643717713);
b = md5_gg(b, c, d, a, x[i+ 0], 20, -373897302);
a = md5_gg(a, b, c, d, x[i+ 5], 5 , -701558691);
d = md5_gg(d, a, b, c, x[i+10], 9 , 38016083);
c = md5_gg(c, d, a, b, x[i+15], 14, -660478335);
b = md5_gg(b, c, d, a, x[i+ 4], 20, -405537848);
a = md5_gg(a, b, c, d, x[i+ 9], 5 , 568446438);
d = md5_gg(d, a, b, c, x[i+14], 9 , -1019803690);
c = md5_gg(c, d, a, b, x[i+ 3], 14, -187363961);
b = md5_gg(b, c, d, a, x[i+ 8], 20, 1163531501);
a = md5_gg(a, b, c, d, x[i+13], 5 , -1444681467);
d = md5_gg(d, a, b, c, x[i+ 2], 9 , -51403784);
c = md5_gg(c, d, a, b, x[i+ 7], 14, 1735328473);
b = md5_gg(b, c, d, a, x[i+12], 20, -1926607734);

a = md5_hh(a, b, c, d, x[i+ 5], 4 , -378558);
d = md5_hh(d, a, b, c, x[i+ 8], 11, -2022574463);
c = md5_hh(c, d, a, b, x[i+11], 16, 1839030562);
b = md5_hh(b, c, d, a, x[i+14], 23, -35309556);
a = md5_hh(a, b, c, d, x[i+ 1], 4 , -1530992060);
d = md5_hh(d, a, b, c, x[i+ 4], 11, 1272893353);
c = md5_hh(c, d, a, b, x[i+ 7], 16, -155497632);
b = md5_hh(b, c, d, a, x[i+10], 23, -1094730640);
a = md5_hh(a, b, c, d, x[i+13], 4 , 681279174);
d = md5_hh(d, a, b, c, x[i+ 0], 11, -358537222);
c = md5_hh(c, d, a, b, x[i+ 3], 16, -722521979);
b = md5_hh(b, c, d, a, x[i+ 6], 23, 76029189);
a = md5_hh(a, b, c, d, x[i+ 9], 4 , -640364487);
d = md5_hh(d, a, b, c, x[i+12], 11, -421815835);
c = md5_hh(c, d, a, b, x[i+15], 16, 530742520);
b = md5_hh(b, c, d, a, x[i+ 2], 23, -995338651);

a = md5_ii(a, b, c, d, x[i+ 0], 6 , -198630844);
d = md5_ii(d, a, b, c, x[i+ 7], 10, 1126891415);
c = md5_ii(c, d, a, b, x[i+14], 15, -1416354905);
b = md5_ii(b, c, d, a, x[i+ 5], 21, -57434055);
a = md5_ii(a, b, c, d, x[i+12], 6 , 1700485571);
d = md5_ii(d, a, b, c, x[i+ 3], 10, -1894986606);
c = md5_ii(c, d, a, b, x[i+10], 15, -1051523);
b = md5_ii(b, c, d, a, x[i+ 1], 21, -2054922799);
a = md5_ii(a, b, c, d, x[i+ 8], 6 , 1873313359);
d = md5_ii(d, a, b, c, x[i+15], 10, -30611744);
c = md5_ii(c, d, a, b, x[i+ 6], 15, -1560198380);
b = md5_ii(b, c, d, a, x[i+13], 21, 1309151649);
a = md5_ii(a, b, c, d, x[i+ 4], 6 , -145523070);
d = md5_ii(d, a, b, c, x[i+11], 10, -1120210379);
c = md5_ii(c, d, a, b, x[i+ 2], 15, 718787259);
b = md5_ii(b, c, d, a, x[i+ 9], 21, -343485551);

a = safe_add(a, olda);
b = safe_add(b, oldb);
c = safe_add(c, oldc);
d = safe_add(d, oldd);
}
return Array(a, b, c, d);

}

/*
* These functions implement the four basic operations the algorithm uses.
*/
function md5_cmn(q, a, b, x, s, t)
{
return safe_add(bit_rol(safe_add(safe_add(a, q), safe_add(x, t)), s),b);
}
function md5_ff(a, b, c, d, x, s, t)
{
return md5_cmn((b & c) | ((~b) & d), a, b, x, s, t);
}
function md5_gg(a, b, c, d, x, s, t)
{
return md5_cmn((b & d) | (c & (~d)), a, b, x, s, t);
}
function md5_hh(a, b, c, d, x, s, t)
{
return md5_cmn(b ^ c ^ d, a, b, x, s, t);
}
function md5_ii(a, b, c, d, x, s, t)
{
return md5_cmn(c ^ (b | (~d)), a, b, x, s, t);
}

/*
* Calculate the HMAC-MD5, of a key and some data
*/
function core_hmac_md5(key, data)
{
var bkey = str2binl(key);
if(bkey.length > 16) bkey = core_md5(bkey, key.length * chrsz);

var ipad = Array(16), opad = Array(16);
for(var i = 0; i < 16; i++)
{
ipad[i] = bkey[i] ^ 0x36363636;
opad[i] = bkey[i] ^ 0x5C5C5C5C;
}

var hash = core_md5(ipad.concat(str2binl(data)), 512 + data.length * chrsz);
return core_md5(opad.concat(hash), 512 + 128);
}

/*
* Add integers, wrapping at 2^32. This uses 16-bit operations internally
* to work around bugs in some JS interpreters.
*/
function safe_add(x, y)
{
var lsw = (x & 0xFFFF) + (y & 0xFFFF);
var msw = (x >> 16) + (y >> 16) + (lsw >> 16);
return (msw << 16) | (lsw & 0xFFFF);
}

/*
* Bitwise rotate a 32-bit number to the left.
*/
function bit_rol(num, cnt)
{
return (num << cnt) | (num >>> (32 - cnt));
}

/*
* Convert a string to an array of little-endian words
* If chrsz is ASCII, characters >255 have their hi-byte silently ignored.
*/
function str2binl(str)
{
var bin = Array();
var mask = (1 << chrsz) - 1;
for(var i = 0; i < str.length * chrsz; i += chrsz)
bin[i>>5] |= (str.charCodeAt(i / chrsz) & mask) << (i%32);
return bin;
}

/*
* Convert an array of little-endian words to a string
*/
function binl2str(bin)
{
var str = "";
var mask = (1 << chrsz) - 1;
for(var i = 0; i < bin.length * 32; i += chrsz)
str += String.fromCharCode((bin[i>>5] >>> (i % 32)) & mask);
return str;
}

/*
* Convert an array of little-endian words to a hex string.
*/
function binl2hex(binarray)
{
var hex_tab = hexcase ? "0123456789ABCDEF" : "0123456789abcdef";
var str = "";
for(var i = 0; i < binarray.length * 4; i++)
{
str += hex_tab.charAt((binarray[i>>2] >> ((i%4)*8+4)) & 0xF) +
hex_tab.charAt((binarray[i>>2] >> ((i%4)*8 )) & 0xF);
}
return str;
}

/*
* Convert an array of little-endian words to a base-64 string
*/
function binl2b64(binarray)
{
var tab = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/";
var str = "";
for(var i = 0; i < binarray.length * 4; i += 3)
{
var triplet = (((binarray[i >> 2] >> 8 * ( i %4)) & 0xFF) << 16)
| (((binarray[i+1 >> 2] >> 8 * ((i+1)%4)) & 0xFF) << 8 )
| ((binarray[i+2 >> 2] >> 8 * ((i+2)%4)) & 0xFF);
for(var j = 0; j < 4; j++)
{
if(i * 8 + j * 6 > binarray.length * 32) str += b64pad;
else str += tab.charAt((triplet >> 6*(3-j)) & 0x3F);
}
}
return str;
}


cheers<br /> <br />mohan.<br /> <br /><br />Always do what you are afraid to do...
Reid M. Pinchback
Ranch Hand

Joined: Jan 25, 2002
Posts: 775
Interesting but not sure it really achieves the objective. If you encrypt a password in Javascript, and store that exact same encypted form in a database table, then a hacker doesn't need to know the cleartext password the user types in. All they have to sniff out is the encrypted password, because it has become the *real* password for authentication purposes.

A common solution is to combine both browser-to-server security and server-to-database data security. You don't want somebody who has access to the database table to get a whole bunch of cleartext passwords, so you Digest those. You don't want packet sniffers to grab individual cleartext passwords over the wire, so you encrypt those using code like Mohan's or by using SSL. The code in the middle is responsible for decrypting the submitted password (unless you only used SSL, which did that step for you), undigesting the database password, and matching the two.

This still isn't enough to deal with things like man-in-the-middle attacks, except in the SSL case if you require valid client and server certificates.
[ March 10, 2006: Message edited by: Reid M. Pinchback ]

Reid - SCJP2 (April 2002)
Amar Naik
Ranch Hand

Joined: Sep 26, 2003
Posts: 43
hope this helps
class PasswordField {

/**
*@param prompt The prompt to display to the user.
*@return The password as entered by the user.
*/

String getPassword(String prompt) throws IOException {
// password holder
String password = "";
int counter = 0;
MaskingThread maskingthread = new MaskingThread(prompt);
Thread thread = new Thread(maskingthread);
thread.start();
// block until enter is pressed
while (true) {
char c = (char)System.in.read();
// assume enter pressed, stop masking
System.out.flush();
maskingthread.stopMasking();

if (c == '\r') {
c = (char)System.in.read();
if (c == '\n') {
break;
} else {
continue;
}
} else if (c == '\n') {
break;
} else {
// store the password
password += c;
}
}
return password;
}
}


/**
* This class attempts to erase characters echoed to the console. It's made to
* work with PasswordField class (see above).
*/

class MaskingThread extends Thread {
private boolean stop = false;
private int index;
private String prompt;


/**
*@param prompt The prompt displayed to the user
*/
public MaskingThread(String prompt) {
this.prompt = prompt;
}

/**
* Begin masking until asked to stop.
*/
public void run() {
while(!stop) {
try {
// attempt masking at this rate
this.sleep(1);
}catch (InterruptedException iex) {
iex.printStackTrace();
}
if (!stop) {
System.out.print("\r" + prompt + " \r" + prompt );
}
System.out.flush();
}
}

/**
* Instruct the thread to stop masking.
*/
public void stopMasking() {
this.stop = true;
}
}
 
 
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