Oh no its not. The purpose of a web server is to handle HTTP requests and server static content. A web(or servlet) container is an environment which servlets can run in. A by-product of this is that a servlet container can also handle HTTP requests.
An Application Server is typically a bundling of other container components: which usually include a servlet container and an EJB container. There is nothing in the definition of an applicaiton sever which requirtes it to have these components (e.g. Netscape Application Server 4 is a Java Application server which cannot support either Servlets or EJB's. MS IIS is an application server which cannot support Java). However in the Java context an application server is usually summarized as Servlet Container & EJB container.
Examples of Web Servers include: Apache HTTP server Examples of Web/Servlet Containers include: Tomcat Examples of Application Servers include: JBoss, Weblogic, Websphere.
I suggest you look at the resources available for these products on their sites to get a better handle on what they do an why you'd use them.
True, I agree. However the J2EE spec. isn't really a technology neutral source for definitions. A generic definition wouldn't include a reference to servlets - though in JavaRanch, I suppose you could safely assume that link is implicit.
subject: Difference Between Application Serve and Web server