I've spent the last year studying and coding in preparation for the SCJP 5.0. I also have an understanding of the fundamentals for C++, VB.NET, HTML, and databases. I recently passed the exam and started looking for a job. However, I've not had much success and I'm afraid I'm still under qualified for the vast majority of the jobs I see on Careerbuilder.com. I don't have any friends in this industry and I've already graduated with a degree in computer science so school's no longer a resource for me. I could really use some career guidance from people in the industry.
Most of the jobs I've found are looking for a J2EE developer. Is J2EE synonymous with Servlets, JSP, and EJB or is there more to it than that? If so, could someone recommend a book to help me understand J2EE? I'm currently studying for the SCWCD exam (with the Head First SCWCD), but I'm not sure if I'm on the right path or if there are other paths out there that might lead to employment.
What different java-related jobs exist and what are the fundamental technologies that I should know to be employable for an entry-level, java-related programming job?
Good understanding of Core java will definitely fetch you an entry level job in Java. JSP/Servlets/EJB are part of J2EE.
You are on track with SCWCD. Learning a configuration management tool like CVS, build tool like ant is definitely added advantage. Just google on cvs and ant. You will get tons of information. Keep applying for jobs even though you just know core java. Core java + SCWCD will surely fetch you a job.
J2EE comprises Servlets, JSP, EJBs, JMS among other things. An entry level programmer is expected to have good core java skills. From there it really depends on the requirements of the job. Sometimes you might be expected to know a bit of "swing". It is good that you are going for the SCWCD exam. It will help strengthen your concepts of Servlets and JSPs. EJBs are not used everywhere, but they do exist and can be found here and there. If you can grasp the basics of EJBs that would be a plus too. Keep trying and dont give up.