Hi "Skyspeed", Welcome to JavaRanch! We don't have too many rules round these parts, but we do have our naming policy which requires that, among other things, your display name not be "obviously fictitious." Most folks here use their real names: keep us honest! Please head over here and change yours, pronto. Thanks, pardner! Now, as to your question: take a look in the JSP Forum where this question has been answered several times recently; there's also a Struts forum where.. urr, I see you've already posted. Which brings up another rule: please don't post the same question to multiple forums! Pick the best one, then wait to see what happens. I'm going to have this copy closed.