Hi I can tell You only about balanced binary trees. i mean the name tells you right away. Balanced means the child (left or right) can not be more than one level bigger than its sibling. It means it is balanced. the inner working of a tree are such that if the one child becomes more than one level deeper or bigger than the other one, then tree is going to balance itself right away. You want to have it balanced so You can do the search in the O( log N) on average. Vladan
Overview A Binary Space Partitioning (BSP) tree represents a recursive, hierarchical partitioning, or subdivision, of n-dimensional space into convex subspaces. BSP tree construction is a process which takes a subspace and partitions it by any hyperplane that intersects the interior of that subspace. The result is two new subspaces that can be further partitioned by recursive application of the method.
A "hyperplane" in n-dimensional space is an n-1 dimensional object which can be used to divide the space into two half-spaces. For example, in three dimensional space, the "hyperplane" is a plane. In two dimensional space, a line is used. BSP trees are extremely versatile, because they are powerful sorting and classification structures. They have uses ranging from hidden surface removal and ray tracing hierarchies to solid modeling and robot motion planning.
Example An easy way to think about BSP trees is to limit the discussion to two dimensions. To simplify the situation, let's say that we will use only lines parallel to the X or Y axis, and that we will divide the space equally at each node. For example, given a quare somewhere in the XY plane, we select the first split, and thus the root of the BSP Tree, to cut the square in half in the X direction. At each slice, we will choose a line of the opposite orientation from the last one, so the second slice will divide each of the new pieces in the Y direction. This process will continue recursively until we reach a stopping point, and looks like this:
The resulting BSP tree looks like this at each step:
Other space partitioning structures BSP trees are closely related to Quadtrees and Octrees. Quadtrees and Octrees are space partitioning trees which recursively divide subspaces into four and eight new subspaces, respectively. A BSP Tree can be used to simulate both of these structures. --
Joined: Sep 27, 2000
Thanks. Also can you put some working code examples?