This week's book giveaway is in the General Computing forum. We're giving away four copies of Arduino in Action and have Martin Evans, Joshua Noble, and Jordan Hochenbaum on-line! See this thread for details.
create a class > app.java compile it > javac app.java what goes on?: JVM loads class. Static members are initialized. JVM goes to the main(for a app) method. Object is declared: i.e.: App myApp; Object creation: i.e.: myApp = new App(); New is envoked. New operator allocates memory. New operator calls the appropriate ctor. Constructor creates the "object." Constructor body is not yet executed though. Constructor initializes all instance variables to 0,null or false. Constructor body is now executed. Is this right?
[ March 14, 2003: Message edited by: donald rieck ]
Well, you left out a few steps Note that the JVM load classes as needed, not at the beginning.
JLS 12 Execution 12.1 Virtual Machine Start-Up 12.1.1 Load the Class Test 12.1.2 Link Test: Verify, Prepare, (Optionally) Resolve 12.1.3 Initialize Test: Execute Initializers 12.1.4 Invoke Test.main 12.2 Loading of Classes and Interfaces 12.2.1 The Loading Process 12.3 Linking of Classes and Interfaces 12.3.1 Verification of the Binary Representation 12.3.2 Preparation of a Class or Interface Type 12.3.3 Resolution of Symbolic References 12.4 Initialization of Classes and Interfaces 12.4.1 When Initialization Occurs 12.4.2 Detailed Initialization Procedure 12.4.3 Initialization: Implications for Code Generation 12.5 Creation of New Class Instances
-1 Assign the arguments for the constructor to newly created parameter variables for this constructor invocation. -2 If this constructor begins with an explicit constructor invocation of another constructor in the same class (using this), then evaluate the arguments and process that constructor invocation recursively using these same five steps. If that constructor invocation completes abruptly, then this procedure completes abruptly for the same reason; otherwise, continue with step 5. -3 This constructor does not begin with an explicit constructor invocation of another constructor in the same class (using this). If this constructor is for a class other than Object, then this constructor will begin with an explicit or implicit invocation of a superclass constructor (using super). Evaluate the arguments and process that superclass constructor invocation recursively using these same five steps. If that constructor invocation completes abruptly, then this procedure completes abruptly for the same reason. Otherwise, continue with step 4. -4 Execute the instance initializers and instance variable initializers for this class, assigning the values of instance variable initializers to the corresponding instance variables, in the left-to-right order in which they appear textually in the source code for the class. If execution of any of these initializers results in an exception, then no further initializers are processed and this procedure completes abruptly with that same exception. Otherwise, continue with step 5. (In some early implementations, the compiler incorrectly omitted the code to initialize a field if the field initializer expression was a constant expression whose value was equal to the default initialization value for its type.) -5 Execute the rest of the body of this constructor. If that execution completes abruptly, then this procedure completes abruptly for the same reason. 12.6 Finalization of Class Instances 12.6.1 Implementing Finalization 12.6.2 Finalizer Invocations are Not Ordered 12.7 Unloading of Classes and Interfaces 12.8 Program Exit
[ March 14, 2003: Message edited by: Cindy Glass ]
"JavaRanch, where the deer and the Certified play" - David O'Meara