Hai Friends, I have got an unsual problem.I have been breaking my head over this problem for the past two days.It is as follows. I have an excel sheet(MicroSoft) which contains english text and russian text.I want to read both english and russian text from excel sheet and write into another text file. I wrote a java program which make use of jdbc-odbc to read data.I am able to read data from excel sheet,But the the russian text is comming as '???' and it is being printed is '???' in text file(No problem with english text obiviously). I thought the problem lies with encoding.I tried following ways to avoid '???'. (1) Properties p=new Properties(); p.put("file.encoding","ISO8859_5") ; Connection con=DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc dbc:xx",p); (2) String str=new String(rs.getBytes(3),"ISO8859_5") (3)OutputStreamWriter osw=new OutputStreamWriter(new FileOutputStream(new File("result.txt")),"ISO8859_5"); BufferedWriter bw=new BufferedWriter(osw); bw.write(str); But i am not able to fulfill my requirement. I request u to come up with some ideas.