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Hi, iIf an Instance method is overridden then the object type will determine the Invoked method. In this case method f() is not overridden but new defined as there is a private access modifier. If a method is not overridden but new defined then the reference type accounts for the method invocation. But in this case the reference type and the object type is Sub, so why isn’t there f() in Sub called?
Here it is the same. For a static method only the reference type counts for method invocation of „overridden / = hidden) static method. But here the object AND reference type is Sub, so why call f() in Tester3?
You are discovering and further defining what is meant by "static members (and private members) don't participate in polymorphism." These examples of non-participation are perhaps a bit suprising (at least they were for me) at first. Whenever the compiler can inline a static or private method invocation, it does. The implementation of g() is found in the super class and because the implementation of f() is private (or static in your second example) in the super class, the compiler looks no further than the super class for it - it gets inlined. So, once again, private instance members and static class members don't participate in polymorphism.