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Effect/Affect

Timothy Chen Allen
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Joined: Mar 16, 2003
Posts: 161
I are very educated, and very seldom loose things.
So I need to know-- what are the rules on when to use "effect" and "affect"?


Timothy Chen Allen
Learn Spanish in Washington, DC
Thomas Paul
mister krabs
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Joined: May 05, 2000
Posts: 13974
Good question:
Merriam Webster's usage notes:
The confusion of the verbs affect and effect is not only quite common but has a long history. Effect was used in place of affect(3) as early as 1494 and in place of affect(2) as early as 1652. If you think you want to use the verb effect but are not certain, check the definitions in this dictionary.
The noun affect is sometimes mistakenly used for effect. Except when your topic is psychology, you will seldom need the noun affect.
Ok, so now we know that we can ignore the noun but what about the verbs:
effect - to cause to come into being; to put into operation
affect - to produce a material influence upon or alteration in

Examples:
It is the duty of the legislature to effect the will of the citizens.
Politicians try to affect the will of the citizens through mailings and commercials.
Hope this helps.
[ November 05, 2003: Message edited by: Thomas Paul ]

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Jim Yingst
Wanderer
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Joined: Jan 30, 2000
Posts: 18671
Generally, affect is a verb, and effect is a noun. You affect something to produce an effect.
Effect can be a verb, but it's rarer, and has different meaning - to effect is to bring about, to accomplish. E.g. congress may effect a law. Further confusion is wrought by the fact that this use of effect is perhaps most common in "effect change" - and change is unfortunately close in meaning to affect. So to affect something is to induce a change, possibly quite a small change; to effect change in something is to bring about a change, probably something more noteworthy than the previous usage. Fortunately, you never hear about someone trying to effect an effect, even though that's theoretically possible.
It turns out affect can also be a noun, but that's even more obscure: "the conscious subjective aspect of an emotion considered apart from bodily changes". Ummm, right, OK.


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Anonymous
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Joined: Nov 22, 2008
Posts: 18944
Effect is a noun. Affect is verb.
Lose is a verb. Loose is an adjective.
Vasu
Thomas Paul
mister krabs
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Joined: May 05, 2000
Posts: 13974
Originally posted by <vasu maj>:
Effect is a noun. Affect is verb.
Effect is also a verb.
effect - to cause to come into being; to put into operation
It is the duty of the legislature to effect the will of the citizens.
Mani Ram
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Joined: Mar 11, 2002
Posts: 1140
And I need to know-- what are the rules on when to use "Advise" and "Advice"?


Mani
Quaerendo Invenietis
Thomas Paul
mister krabs
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Joined: May 05, 2000
Posts: 13974
Originally posted by Mani Ram:
And I need to know-- what are the rules on when to use "Advise" and "Advice"?

That's an easy one. "Advise" is a verb and "advice" is a noun.
"Your advice sucks!"
"That's the last time I advise you on anything!"
Mani Ram
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Joined: Mar 11, 2002
Posts: 1140
Originally posted by Thomas Paul:
That's an easy one.

Thank you. You made it sound easy
But my other big problem is that I often get confused with
what is a verb and what is a noun
Thomas Paul
mister krabs
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Joined: May 05, 2000
Posts: 13974
Originally posted by Mani Ram:

Thank you. You made it sound easy
But my other big problem is that I often get confused with
what is a verb and what is a noun

There is a great commercial on Nickolodeon for "Verbs". The idea is to get kids away from the TV to do something. That is all you need to know. Verbs are actions. Think, read, run, jump, listen, smell, taste, ponder, sleep, punch, etc. Nouns are people, places, and things. Tom, Mani, Elbonia, cat, uncle, religion, mineral, asparagus, JavaRanch.
"You give wonderful advice."
give - verb
advice - noun
Richard Hawkes
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Joined: Jan 28, 2003
Posts: 1340
I've been affected by the effector!
 
Consider Paul's rocket mass heater.
 
subject: Effect/Affect
 
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