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Syntax error- HELP

Naf Rash
Ranch Hand

Joined: Feb 19, 2004
Posts: 85
Hi there. Just a quick question I keep getting the following error but don't know why-as far as I can see the code is fine but knowing me i'm probably wrong.
I don't think you actually need the whole code but just in case I have provided it all. The error appears after the first few lines of the code in line 9:
private Vector euclidean(ResultSetMetaData rsmd){
The error is: Syntax error on token "(", ";" expected - the error is in relation to the opening bracket ie, after the word euclidean.
Anyhow here's the class!

import java.sql.*;
import java.util.*;
public class distances {
public static void main(String args[]) {
/*This method calculates the distances between records using Euclidean distance*/
private Vector euclidean(ResultSetMetaData rsmd){
//ResultSetMetaData rsmd;
int j = rsmd.getRowCount();
int l = rsmd.getColumnCount();
double distance;
int [][]sum;
sum = new int [j][l];
int theSum[];
theSum = new int [l];
/* Comparing each record attribute with the next record. The sum stores the value of the
* differences between records (based on single attributes). The first for stmt looks at
* one row at a time- the second for stmt the compares this row to all the other rows.
* For every row comparison all the attributes are considered. NOTE: the second for stmt
* starts at 2 so that the second row is considered (the first row is dealt with in the
* first for stmt).*/
for (int i=1; i<j; ++i){
for (int all = 2; all<j; ++all){
for (int k=1; k<l; ++k)//attributes

/* Carry out the calculations to work out the euclidean distance. If the attribute value being
* considered of type int then an exception occurrs and is caught in the catch clause- if the
* 2 values differ then the distace is equal to 1 else it is equal to 0.*/
try{
for (int c=1; c<l; ++c){
theSum[c]=(sum[i][k] - sum[all][k]);
}

/*Returns the squared result of the difference found between different record for the same
* attribute.*/
for (int m=0; m<theSum.length; ++m )//need to square each element of theSum.
theSum[m] = theSum[m]*theSum[m];

/*Add all the attribute differences together and then square them. Stores the resulting values
* in an array. */
for (int ts=0; ts<theSum.length-1; ++ts){
int tts[] = tts + sum [ts];
distance = Math.sqrt((double)tts[ts]);//get square root of tts
}
}//end try
catch (NumberFormatException nfe){
if (sum[i][k] == sum[all][k]){
distance = 0;
}
else if (sum[i][k] == sum[all][k]){
distance =1;
}
}//end catch

/*Devise the matrix. For the tuples being considered ther Squared Euclidean distance is entered in the
* corresponding element of the array.This produces a matrix with the same number of column as rows.
* The size of the matrix changes since it stores some calculations that
* have been carried out on database rows. As a result the number of rows
* that the database has is called for and this determines the size of the
* matrix.*/
int row1= rsmd.getRowCount(), row2= rsmd.getRowCount();
double [][] distanceMatrix;
distanceMatrix= new double [row1][row2];
for (int i=1;i<row1; ++i){
for (int all = 1; all<row2; ++row2)
distanceMatrix[i][all] =distance;
}
}
}

}

private Vector squaredEuclidean (ResultSetMetaData rsmd) {
//ResultSetMetaData rsmd;
int j = rsmd.getRowCount();
int l = rsmd.getColumnCount();
double distance;
int [][]sum;
sum = new int [j][l];
int theSum[];
theSum = new int [l];
/* Comparing each record attribute with the next record. The sum stores the value of the
* differences between records (based on single attributes). The first for stmt looks at
* one row at a time- the second for stmt the compares this row to all the other rows.
* For every row comparison all the attributes are considered. NOTE: the second for stmt
* starts at 2 so that the second row is considered (the first row is dealt with in the
* first for stmt).*/
for (int i=1; i<j; ++i){
for (int all = 2; all<j; ++all){
for (int k=1; k<l; ++k)//attributes

/* Carry out the calculations to work out the euclidean distance. If the attribute value being
* considered of type int then an exception occurrs and is caught in the catch clause- if the 2
* values differ then the distace is equal to 1 else it is equal to 0.*/
try{
for (int c=1; c<l; ++c){
theSum[c]=(sum[i][k] - sum[all][k]);
}

/*Returns the squared result of the difference found between different record for the same
* attribute.*/
for (int m=0; m<theSum.length; ++m )//need to square each element of theSum.
theSum[m] = theSum[m]*theSum[m];
/*Add all the attribute differences together and then square them. Stores the resulting values
* in an array. */
for (int ts=0; ts<theSum.length-1; ++ts){
distance = distance + theSum [ts];
}
}//end try
catch (NumberFormatException nfe){
if (sum[i][k] == sum[all][k]){
distance = 0;
}
else if (sum[i][k] == sum[all][k]){
distance =1;
}
}//end catch
/*Devise the matrix. For the tuples being considered ther Squared Euclidean distance is entered in the
* corresponding element of the array.This produces a matrix with the same number of column as
* rows. The size of the matrix changes since it stores some calculations that have been
* carried out on database rows. As a result the number of rows that the database has is called
* for and this determines the size of the matrix.*/
int row1= rsmd.getRowCount(), row2= rsmd.getRowCount();
double[][] distanceMatrix;
distanceMatrix= new double [row1][row2];
for ( i=1;i<row1; ++i){
for (int all = 1; all<row2; ++row2)
distanceMatrix[i][all] =distance;
}
}
}

}

private Vector manhattan(ResultSetMetaData rsmd) {
//ResultSetMetaData rsmd;
int j = rsmd.getRowCount();
int l = rsmd.getColumnCount();
double distance;
int [][]sum;
sum = new int [j][l];
int theSum[];
theSum = new int [l];
/* Comparing each record attribute with the next record. The sum stores the value of the
* differences between records (based on single attributes). The first for stmt looks at
* one row at a time- the second for stmt the compares this row to all the other rows.
* For every row comparison all the attributes are considered. NOTE: the second for stmt
* starts at 2 so that the second row is considered (the first row is dealt with in the
* first for stmt).*/
for (int i=1; i<j; ++i){
for (int all = 2; all<j; ++all){
for (int k=1; k<l; ++k)//attributes

/* Carry out the calculations to work out the manhattan distance. If the attribute value being
* considered of type int then an exception occurrs and is caught in the catch clause- if the 2
* values differ then the distace is equal to 1 else it is equal to 0.*/
try{
for (int c=1; c<l; ++c){
theSum[c]=(sum[i][k] - sum[all][k]);
}

/*Add all the attribute differences together and then square them. Stores the resulting values
* in an array. */
for (int ts=0; ts<theSum.length-1; ++ts){
distance = distance + theSum [ts];
}
//check to see if the result of the calculation is negative. If so, make it positive.
if (distance<0){
distance = distance*distance;
}
}
catch (NumberFormatException nfe){
if (sum[i][k] == sum[all][k]){
distance = 0;
}
else if (sum[i][k] == sum[all][k]){
distance =1;
}
}//end catch
/*Devise the matrix. For the tuples being considered ther manhattan distance is entered in the
* corresponding element of the array.This produces a matrix with the same number of column as rows.
* The size of the matrix changes since it stores some calculations that
* have been carried out on database rows. As a result the number of rows
* that the database has is called for and this determines the size of the
* matrix.*/
int row1= rsmd.getRowCount(), row2= rsmd.getRowCount();
double [][] distanceMatrix;
distanceMatrix= new double [row1][row2];
for (i=1;i<row1; ++i){
for (all = 1; all<row2; ++row2)
distanceMatrix[i][all] =distance;
}
}
}

}
}
}//ends class
Dan Lastoria
Ranch Hand

Joined: Jan 30, 2002
Posts: 57
You're trying to create a method inside of a method.
private Vector euclidean(ResultSetMetaData rsmd)
is inside of...
public static void main(String args[])
Can't do that.
Layne Lund
Ranch Hand

Joined: Dec 06, 2001
Posts: 3061
So the solution is to move the euclidean() method outside of main(), but keep it inside the distances class.
As a suggestion, you should change distances to Distances. Typically, class names start with upper-case letters.
Layne


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