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Objects, unsure how this works.

colin shuker
Ranch Hand

Joined: Apr 11, 2005
Posts: 744
Hi, I have an array of Cube objects:

I also have a method which swaps the positions of some of the Cube's
in the array


So this code works, but I'm not sure why:
Since 'temp' refers to cubes[a], then when we set
cubes[a] to cubes[b], shouldn't temp then reference cubes[b].

It doesn't seem to, temp is set cubes[a], then it appears to be fixed, even when we change the value of cubes[a],

Can anyone clarify this.
Thanks
Keith Lynn
Ranch Hand

Joined: Feb 07, 2005
Posts: 2367
Remember that cubes[a] and cubes[b] are just references.

In this code,



you can read this as

1. Make temp point to the object that cubes[a] is pointing to.
2. Make cubes[a] point to the object that cubes[b] is pointing to.
3. Make cubes[b] point to the object that cubes[c] is pointing to.
4. Make cubes[c] point to the object that cubes[d] is pointing to.
5. Make cubes[d] point to the object that temp is pointing to.

So in line 1, you would have

temp, cubes[a] ===> object 1
cubes[b] ===> object 2

In line 2, you would have

temp ===> object 1
cubes[a], cubes[b] ===> object 2
fred rosenberger
lowercase baba
Bartender

Joined: Oct 02, 2003
Posts: 11439
    
  16

I have an array of Cube objects


No, you really don't. you have an array of REFERENCES to cube objects. the cubes live off somewhere in the heap. your array holds (effectivly) a bunch of pointers to those objects.

Think of the array as a bunch of index cards, each having someones home address written on it.

when you say
Cube temp=cubes[a];

you are writting the address that is on cubes[a] on a new index card called 'temp'.

cubes[a] = cubes[b]

simply erases the old address on that card, and writes the new address on it. the contents of the house never change. the address written on your 'temp' card doesn't change.


There are only two hard things in computer science: cache invalidation, naming things, and off-by-one errors
colin shuker
Ranch Hand

Joined: Apr 11, 2005
Posts: 744
Excellent, both great explanations, that clears it up.
 
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subject: Objects, unsure how this works.