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difference between java acces specifiers?

vani geetha

Joined: Jan 18, 2008
Posts: 2
I need breif difference in private, public, protected, default.
Lukasz Bajzel

Joined: Dec 03, 2007
Posts: 26
The access modifiers in Java are 'public, private, protected, or package-private (no modifier)'

In Java there are two levels of access control.

1. The class level or top level (public or package-private access)
2. The memeber level (public, private, protected, or package-private)

The class level:

When a class is declared 'public', it is visible across packages. But when it is defined package-private or default (that is without any modifier), the class is visible only to other classes within the same package.

public class JavaAdvice -> visible across packages.
class JavaAdvice -> visible only within the package.

At the class level only public or default access are allowed


The memeber level:

The following table shows the access to members permitted by each modifier.

Access Levels:

Modifier Class Package Subclass World
-------- ----- ------- ------- ------
public Y Y Y Y
protected Y Y Y N
no modifier Y Y N N
private Y N N N

In Summary,
A class can be defined public or default (no modifier) and class members are allowed to have one of 'public, private, protected, or package-private (no modifier)'. Public members are visible across packages. Any private member of a class is not visible outside of the class. Any protected members are available to the class and its subclass. Default members are visible in the class and within the same package.

Hope this helps!

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