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Writing & into XML file

manoj kumar jena

Joined: Sep 24, 2007
Posts: 25
Hi Friends,
i am writing data from database into an XML.Then, i am retrieving those data from XML to view on jsp.
but when i am writing the data into XML file i am getting an exception(related to XML format) because my data contains '&' symbol (for example javaranc & rocks).it says "not well-formed".

so how to write these kind of data(which contains special characters like &) into XML?
William Brogden
Author and all-around good cowpoke

Joined: Mar 22, 2000
Posts: 13024
Characters that have special meaning in XML have to be "escaped" to pass XML parsers.

You might as well get familiar with the authoritative XML specification at W3C. Look for the section titled:

2.4 Character Data and Markup

Paul Clapham

Joined: Oct 14, 2005
Posts: 19847

And the lazy person's way to escape them is to put every text node into a CDATA section. (That's covered in the XML spec.)
I agree. Here's the link:
subject: Writing & into XML file
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