This exception typically occurs because Struts cannot find the form bean it expects for a specific action according to the mapping in the struts-config.xml file. Most often, this is probably because the name given to the form in the name attribute of the form-bean element does not match the name attribute of the associated action's action element. In other words, the action and form should each have a name attribute that matches exactly, including case. It has been reported that this error has been seen when no name attribute is associated with the action. If there is no name attribute in an action element, no form is associated with the action.