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encoding doubt

ankur rathi
Ranch Hand

Joined: Oct 11, 2004
Posts: 3830

I have an XML file which contains registered symbol (R and a circle around it).

I am aware that this symbol is in UTF-8 encoding and not in ISO-8859-1.

But when I use ISO-8859-1 encoding scheme for my XML file, browser displays this file properly. But when I use UTF-8, it says:

The XML page cannot be displayed
Cannot view XML input using XSL style sheet. Please correct the error and then click the Refresh button, or try again later.


An invalid character was found in text content. Error processing resource 'file:///

Why so?


Paul Clapham

Joined: Oct 14, 2005
Posts: 19973

Well, first of all you can put any character into an XML document regardless of the encoding it uses, because you can always use character entities like "&#xxxx;". And well-written XML software will automatically output characters in that way if the target encoding doesn't support them.

The answer to you main question, I think, is that the prolog of the XML document should declare the encoding actually used to write the document. Declaring <?xml encoding="UTF-8"?> is going to cause problems if you don't actually use UTF-8 to write the document.
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subject: encoding doubt
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