This week's book giveaway is in the OCAJP 8 forum. We're giving away four copies of OCA Java SE 8 Programmer I Study Guide and have Edward Finegan & Robert Liguori on-line! See this thread for details.
I generally will go the approach of making them private static final variables if they are to be constants which are the same for all instances of the class. I also will use different variable with the same value sometimes when they would have different meaning in different situations. so I guess I usually work more like your first example:
private static final int BLAH_1 = 0;
private static final int BLAH_2 = 0;
(nowadays I do try to avoid these things altogether when I can replace them with enums though)
-edit-Sorry, had the vars as public, but should have been private
Since you are declaring the variable as constant anyway you cannot change that value.But if you just want to use that variable you need to create an object for each and every time.If instead the variable is declared as static final then there is no need to create objects which may save some memory.