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1..n and 0..n mapping

Ismael Upright
Ranch Hand

Joined: Feb 15, 2007
Posts: 166

I have some 1..n relations and some 0..n relations between tables in my data model.

Is there a mechanism in JPA that allows to map such relations?

First example: table Person and table ID Card.

One Person can have many ID Cards, if he/she has more than one nationality.
One Person MUST have at leat one ID Card.
An ID Card MUST belong to exactly one Person - it cannot have more than one owner and cannot exist without owner at all.

Additlonally, I want it to implement in a way that ID Card 'knows' who owns it, and Person doesn't 'know' about ID Card.

So the relation is: Person (1) ------------------> (1..n) IDCard

Second example: table Person and table Passport.

The only difference is that a Person doesn't have to have a Passport.

So the relation is: Person (1) ------------------> (0..n) IDCard

How to make such distinction between 1..n and 0..n using JPA?
Cameron Wallace McKenzie
author and cow tipper
Saloon Keeper

Joined: Aug 26, 2006
Posts: 4968

So, from a Java perspective, of object A must have an object B, you can enforce that through a constructor:

You can do something like that. You can map the association using JPA annotations:

Mapping 1..n or One to Many Relationships with Hibernate

You can also add cascadeType options to deal with deletes, so associated objects get deleted all at once. And of course, most databases supply other options you can do at the admin level to enforce relationships between tables.

So, you have LOTS of options!

-Cameron McKenzie
Ismael Upright
Ranch Hand

Joined: Feb 15, 2007
Posts: 166
I agree. Here's the link:
subject: 1..n and 0..n mapping
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