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JavaRanch » Java Forums » Databases » Object Relational Mapping
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Hibernate many-to-one composite key as foreign key

Kamal Bhattad

Joined: Sep 18, 2009
Posts: 3

I have two table. Table1 has composite primary key. Table2 has table1 composite primary key as foreign key.

gid varchar(128) NOT NULL default '',
cId integer NOT NULL,
name varchar(256) NOT NULL default '',
PRIMARY KEY ( gid, cId ),
foreign key (cId) references cluster(cId)
) ;

CREATE TABLE GroupMember (
gmid varchar(128) NOT NULL default '',
cId integer NOT NULL,
fkgroup varchar(128) NOT NULL default '',
priority integer default NULL,
PRIMARY KEY ( gmid, cId ),
foreign key (cId) references cluster(cId),
foreign key (fkgroup,cId) references Group(gid, cId)
) ;

cId is primary key of another table, hope this table definition is not required.

I used HibernateTool 3.2.4 to generate Mapping File and POJOs.

Here is the mapping File generated for table GroupMember

<class name="my.test.pkg.Groupmember" table="GroupMember">
<composite-id name="id" class="my.test.pkg.GroupMemberId">
<key-property name="gmid" type="string">
<column name="gmid" length="128" />
<key-property name="cId" type="int">
<column name="cId" />
<many-to-one name="Group" class="my.test.pkg.Group" update="false" insert="false" fetch="select">
<column name="fkgroup" length="128" not-null="true" />
<column name="cId" not-null="true" />
<many-to-one name="cluster" class="my.test.pkg.Cluster" update="false" insert="false" fetch="select">
<column name="cId" not-null="true" />
<property name="priority" type="java.lang.Integer">
<column name="priority" />

Related POJO File looks like this.

public class GroupMemberId implements {
private String gmid;
private int cId;

public class GroupMember implements {

private GroupmemberId id;
private Group group;
private Cluster cluster;
private Integer priority;

Now when i attempt to Save GroupMember object by filling all member variable, Hibernate only does insertion for 3 column, one column fkgroup is not getting inserted.
insert into GroupMember (priority, gmid, cId) values (?, ?, ?)

I'm unable to save fkgroup column of GroupMember table, get following exception

SEVERE: SQL Anywhere Error -194: No primary key value for foreign key 'group' in table 'GroupMember'
org.hibernate.exception.ConstraintViolationException: could not insert: [my.test.pkg.GroupMember]

Then i realized that insert="false" is set many-to-one relation which is causing issue for fkgroup not to be inserted. Setting insert="true" here gives exception

org.hibernate.MappingException: Repeated column in mapping for entity: my.test.pkg.GroupMember column: cId (should be mapped with insert="false" update="false")

For now, i have no idea how can insert GroupMember with fkgroup foreign key.

I have checked forum, but couldn't find any solution.

Any help on how can i insert/save GroupMember object ??
Mark Spritzler

Joined: Feb 05, 2001
Posts: 17271

this sounds likes a similar issue we just had. Let me ask this question.

Is it that you have a composite ID with two fields, and one of those two fields is a FK to the Parent table/object?

If so this is our solution

That is the basic solution we had for this problem. There is stuff out there in the web in which I found this solution. And in older posts they had the Child class have a faked out property like

private Long parent

But that is only needed for older versions of Hibernate 3.x


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Kamal Bhattad

Joined: Sep 18, 2009
Posts: 3
Hi Mark,

Thanks for your reply.

In my case i have Composite Primary key and foreign key which is also composite key. Now one of the column is same

i.e. Table Group has composite Id PRIMARY KEY(gId, cId) [ Where cId is primary key of other table ]

Now Table GroupMember has composite primary key PRIMARY KEY(gmid, cId ) [ Where cId is primary key of other table ].

GroupMember also has foreign key fkgroup REFERENCES Group(gid, cId) (which is composite key as mentioned above]

Now, when i attemt to save GroupMember instance, foreign key (fkgroup) is not inserted. In many-to-one relationship i cannot set insert=true because cId is part of primary key for both GroupMember and Group Table.

How do i persist column fkgroup of GroupMemeber table?

Mark Spritzler

Joined: Feb 05, 2001
Posts: 17271

Maybe I had a typo. But the way you describe it does sound like what I posted.

You have a PK in one object, where one of the properties of the PK is a FK to the parent object. That is what I posted.

Kamal Bhattad

Joined: Sep 18, 2009
Posts: 3
Hi Mike,

Could you please help me with similar mapping in .hbm.xml file for both Parent and Child where composite PK and FK are used.

Thomas Tygreat

Joined: Nov 23, 2014
Posts: 1
Hi there !

I have a similar situation, except that my child's foreign key is also composite, and it's not a part of the PK :

Do you have an idea of how to manage that ?

Thank you !

I agree. Here's the link:
subject: Hibernate many-to-one composite key as foreign key
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