if i am not wrong, your requirement is like that user will select few fields as input fields form available field list.
And base on those selected input fields, your query should return results. right?
so, you can use COALESCE SQL Function. which return first non-Null value from expression list.
where name = COALESCE('inputFieldFromUser',name);
here, if 'inputFieldFromUser' is null (means, user will not give any input for 'name' column) than name = name, which will not create any effect on select query.
Are you familiar with DatabaseMetaData and ResultSetMetaData? They can allow you to read column names and/or filter information not known until runtime. For example, you can use them to provide the user with a list of columns in a table, thereby allowing them to select the columns they'd like to use for a query.
As a side node be extremely careful with 'dynamic query builders'. For medium and large database systems, giving users the ability to run arbitrary, possibly untested queries is *extremely* dangerous. Historically, the more open a query builder is within an application, the stronger likelihood the user can execute a query that grinds the entire database to a halt. Alternatively, I find its a better practice to offer clients a list (or report) of most desired queries that you can test and manage.