The reason for the -1 is because binary search was not called using the same comparator that was used to
sort the array. According to the Sierra and Bates book, this will give an unpredictable result, in this case -1.
I am not sure why exactly -1, i.e what algorithm went wrong etc. But I don't think you need to go in to such depth
for the exam. Just remember that to use binary search on an array that is not sorted using natural order,you need
to use the comparator that was used to sort the array, otherwise the result will be unpredictable.
Martin is spot-on and why it returns -1 is not explained, not in the K&B-book, not in the javadoc of the binarySearch-method. It just states that the result is undefined when the array is not sorted (or sorted with another comparator).