What is difference between Abstraction and Encapsulation
Joined: Dec 21, 2009
what is the main difference between these two .
John Storta Jr.
Joined: Jul 26, 2009
Encapsulation has to do with hiding the details of an object from the public. In order words, hiding the inner workings. A radio is filled with circuits and wires and resistors. The user of the radio does not see any of that. To the user, they only see the interface (The buttons and dials, and knobs). What happens inside the radio is encapsulated. Hidden from the user.
Abstraction has to do with generalizing an object to maximize code reuse. A common example I have seen uses balls. Let's say you have an object called 'Basketball'. It has a series of features relating to the size and shape of the ball and what happens when you bounce it. But now you want to create an object called 'RugbyBall'. It has a different size and shape and does something different when you bounce it. You have a couple choices. You can create a new class for 'RugbyBall', but then you would be duplicating a lot of code in each of the classes. You could inherit from 'Basketball' to avoid rewriting code, but then you are indicating that a Rugby Ball is related to a Basketball, which it is not. (RugbyBall is-not-a Basketball)
The better thing to do would be to create an abstract class called 'Ball, then make a subclass called 'Basketball' and another subclass called 'RugbyBall'. The abstract 'Ball' class contains all of the information that is common to all balls. Within the Basketball and RugbyBall classes, you simply make modifications for those specific types of balls. You avoid duplicating code and each case passes the 'IS-A' test. (Basketball is-a Ball, RugbyBall is-a Ball)
Hope that helps.
Joined: Apr 12, 2009
satish chander wrote:what is the main difference between these two .