I was looking for ways to get Apache 2.2 installed on my Ubuntu partition. I can only find the below mentioned way of doing it. But I"d rather want to know how to download the binaries and extract them.
apt-get will do the extraction. ".deb" packages are tarballs with some context info and install scripts included, so apt-get extracts the binaries and runs the scripts.
synaptic is apt-get enhanced with the ability to download the deb package and its dependencies from Internet repositories. There are also a couple of other utilities of this type, although I haven't used Ubuntu recently enough to remember them all.
USUALLY these days, you can just apt-get the apache2 server package plus apache modules required for your specific needs (such as mod_php). Not like the Good Old Days when customizing Apache virtually demanded building your own from source.
Of course if you really WANT to download/compile/install, I've got a friend that swears that Gentoo is the way to go for everything!
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