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Problem in Struts : Error 404 : servlet action as unavailable

 
rizwanyq yousuf
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Im using Struts 1.2.4 and tomcat 5.0.28. when I try to access /userLogin.do. It gives error:

Error 404 : servlet action as unavailable
in tomcat log file it says

2005-04-05 00:55:41 StandardContext[/mortarTest]Marking servlet action as unavailable
2005-04-05 00:55:41 StandardContext[/mortarTest]Servlet /mortarTest threw load() exception
javax.servlet.ServletException: Error instantiating servlet class org.apache.struts.action.ActionServlet
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.loadServlet(StandardWrapper.java:996)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.load(StandardWrapper.java:862)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.loadOnStartup(StandardContext.java:4013)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4357)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:823)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:807)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:595)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostDeployer.addChild(StandardHostDeployer.java:903)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:585)
at org.apache.commons.beanutils.MethodUtils.invokeMethod(MethodUtils.java:216)
at org.apache.commons.digester.SetNextRule.end(SetNextRule.java:256)
at org.apache.commons.digester.Rule.end(Rule.java:276)
at org.apache.commons.digester.Digester.endElement(Digester.java:1058)
at org.apache.catalina.util.CatalinaDigester.endElement(CatalinaDigester.java:76)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.endElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanEndElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl$FragmentContentDispatcher.dispatch(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanDocument(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XMLParser.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.commons.digester.Digester.parse(Digester.java:1567)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostDeployer.install(StandardHostDeployer.java:488)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.install(StandardHost.java:863)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDescriptors(HostConfig.java:483)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:427)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:983)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:349)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:119)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1091)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:789)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1083)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:478)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:480)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:2313)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:556)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:585)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:287)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:425)
----- Root Cause -----
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/commons/beanutils/Converter
at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredConstructors0(Native Method)
at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredConstructors(Class.java:2328)
at java.lang.Class.getConstructor0(Class.java:2640)
at java.lang.Class.newInstance0(Class.java:321)
at java.lang.Class.newInstance(Class.java:303)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.loadServlet(StandardWrapper.java:987)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.load(StandardWrapper.java:862)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.loadOnStartup(StandardContext.java:4013)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4357)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:823)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:807)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:595)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostDeployer.addChild(StandardHostDeployer.java:903)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:585)
at org.apache.commons.beanutils.MethodUtils.invokeMethod(MethodUtils.java:216)
at org.apache.commons.digester.SetNextRule.end(SetNextRule.java:256)
at org.apache.commons.digester.Rule.end(Rule.java:276)
at org.apache.commons.digester.Digester.endElement(Digester.java:1058)
at org.apache.catalina.util.CatalinaDigester.endElement(CatalinaDigester.java:76)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.endElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanEndElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl$FragmentContentDispatcher.dispatch(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanDocument(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XMLParser.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.commons.digester.Digester.parse(Digester.java:1567)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostDeployer.install(StandardHostDeployer.java:488)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.install(StandardHost.java:863)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDescriptors(HostConfig.java:483)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:427)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:983)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:349)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:119)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1091)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:789)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1083)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:478)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:480)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:2313)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:556)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:585)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:287)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:425)

2005-04-05 00:57:25 StandardWrapperValve[action]: Servlet action is currently unavailable
2005-04-05 02:22:34 StandardContext[/mortarTest]Marking servlet action as unavailable
2005-04-05 02:22:34 StandardContext[/mortarTest]Servlet /mortarTest threw load() exception
javax.servlet.ServletException: Error instantiating servlet class org.apache.struts.action.ActionServlet
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.loadServlet(StandardWrapper.java:996)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.load(StandardWrapper.java:862)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.loadOnStartup(StandardContext.java:4013)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4357)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:823)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:807)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:595)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostDeployer.addChild(StandardHostDeployer.java:903)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:585)
at org.apache.commons.beanutils.MethodUtils.invokeMethod(MethodUtils.java:216)
at org.apache.commons.digester.SetNextRule.end(SetNextRule.java:256)
at org.apache.commons.digester.Rule.end(Rule.java:276)
at org.apache.commons.digester.Digester.endElement(Digester.java:1058)
at org.apache.catalina.util.CatalinaDigester.endElement(CatalinaDigester.java:76)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.endElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanEndElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl$FragmentContentDispatcher.dispatch(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanDocument(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XMLParser.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.commons.digester.Digester.parse(Digester.java:1567)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostDeployer.install(StandardHostDeployer.java:488)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.install(StandardHost.java:863)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDescriptors(HostConfig.java:483)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:427)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:983)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:349)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:119)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1091)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:789)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1083)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:478)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:480)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:2313)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:556)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:585)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:287)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:425)
----- Root Cause -----
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/commons/beanutils/Converter at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredConstructors0(Native Method)
at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredConstructors(Class.java:2328)
at java.lang.Class.getConstructor0(Class.java:2640)
at java.lang.Class.newInstance0(Class.java:321)
at java.lang.Class.newInstance(Class.java:303)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.loadServlet(StandardWrapper.java:987)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.load(StandardWrapper.java:862)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.loadOnStartup(StandardContext.java:4013)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4357)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:823)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:807)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:595)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostDeployer.addChild(StandardHostDeployer.java:903)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:585)
at org.apache.commons.beanutils.MethodUtils.invokeMethod(MethodUtils.java:216)
at org.apache.commons.digester.SetNextRule.end(SetNextRule.java:256)
at org.apache.commons.digester.Rule.end(Rule.java:276)
at org.apache.commons.digester.Digester.endElement(Digester.java:1058)
at org.apache.catalina.util.CatalinaDigester.endElement(CatalinaDigester.java:76)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.endElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanEndElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl$FragmentContentDispatcher.dispatch(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanDocument(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XMLParser.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.commons.digester.Digester.parse(Digester.java:1567)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostDeployer.install(StandardHostDeployer.java:488)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.install(StandardHost.java:863)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDescriptors(HostConfig.java:483)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:427)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:983)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:349)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:119)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1091)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:789)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1083)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:478)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:480)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:2313)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:556)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:585)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:287)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:425)

2005-04-05 02:24:02 StandardWrapperValve[action]: Servlet action is currently unavailable

Here is my action tag in struts-config
<action
path="/userLogin"
type="mortar.UserLoginAction">
<forward name="success" path="/success.jsp"/>
<forward name="failure" path="/failure.jsp"/>
</action>
I checked the config file with struts console it didnt generate any error.
I've commons-beanutils.jar and struts.jar and all other jars in lib directory.
struts examples is also not workin generating the same error. Plz help
 
Sarath Mohan
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I think your web.xml is missing the decleration and mapping of Action Servlet
 
rizwanyq yousuf
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here is my web.xml O coppied it from struts blank war
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>

<!DOCTYPE web-app
PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.2//EN"
"http://java.sun.com/j2ee/dtds/web-app_2_2.dtd">

<web-app>
<display-name>Struts Blank Application</display-name>

<!-- Standard Action Servlet Configuration (with debugging) -->
<servlet>
<servlet-name>action</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>org.apache.struts.action.ActionServlet</servlet-class>
<init-param>
<param-name>config</param-name>
<param-value>/WEB-INF/struts-config.xml</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>debug</param-name>
<param-value>2</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>detail</param-name>
<param-value>2</param-value>
</init-param>
<load-on-startup>2</load-on-startup>
</servlet>


<!-- Standard Action Servlet Mapping -->
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>action</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>


<!-- The Usual Welcome File List -->
<welcome-file-list>
<welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
</welcome-file-list>


<!-- Struts Tag Library Descriptors -->
<taglib>
<taglib-uri>/tags/struts-bean</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-bean.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>

<taglib>
<taglib-uri>/tags/struts-html</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-html.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>

<taglib>
<taglib-uri>/tags/struts-logic</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-logic.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>

<taglib>
<taglib-uri>/tags/struts-nested</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-nested.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>

<taglib>
<taglib-uri>/tags/struts-tiles</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-tiles.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>

</web-app>
 
Sarath Mohan
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Rizwan

As the log file says


org/apache/commons/beanutils/Converter class not found exception


you have to check the all jars files required are there in your WEB-INF/lib directory

commons-beanutils.jar
commons-collections.jar
commons-digester.jar
commons-fileupload.jar
commons-logging.jar
commons-validator.jar
jakarta-oro.jar
struts.jar

Regards
 
rizwanyq yousuf
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all the jars are in lib directory.
 
Sarath Mohan
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You have an app. mortarTest which is giving the problem. Undeploy that application and try to run simple Struts example.

I think that application misses some jar files.
 
rizwanyq yousuf
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even then its giving the same error.
 
rizwanyq yousuf
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the problem is stil not solved .. Help plz
 
Jonathan Lehr
author
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Hi Rizwan,

You haven't given us very much to go on. Are you deploying the application as a WAR, an EAR, or as an exploded directory? When you say that all the jars are in the lib directory, where are you looking, the source tree, the build directory, or Tomcat's webapps directory?

Usually the best way to begin diagnosing this type of problem is to look first at what's actually being deployed -- in other words start by looking in the webapps directory in your Tomcat installation. If you're deploying as an EAR, copy it to a temp directory and unpack it to get the WAR file. (If you're deploying as a WAR, this step is obviously unnecessary.) In any case, you then can list the WAR's contents by using the 'jar' command. For example, to list out the contents of struts-blank.war on my machine, I'd do the following:

This gives you a relatively easy way to determine whether the project is getting deployed correctly, and allows you to be certain about the locations of various application resources at deployment time. Please let me know if this is any help. If you're still having problems, you can paste a copy of the WAR file listing (usually referred to as the manifest) here, which might make it easier to figure out what's going on.

Jonathan
 
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