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Confused in equals working and its overriding

Devendra Walanj

Joined: Apr 21, 2010
Posts: 12
by following code :

the result why a.equals(a1) is false ?
Please explain how equal and instanceof works with classes and objects.
How does equals work at the low level?
Pretty confused in the area.

Keep Moving Forward
Radovan Vukovic

Joined: Nov 03, 2010
Posts: 19
have you check hashCode()
hashCode must generate equal values for equal objects
Paul Clapham

Joined: Oct 14, 2005
Posts: 19973

How does equals work at the low level?

I take this to mean "If I don't override the equals(Object) method from the Object class then how does equals() work for my class?"

In that case the equals() method from Object is used. And that method returns true if the two objects being compared are the same object, and false if they are different objects.

In your example you are comparing two different objects, so the equals() method returns false.

And no, declaring a hashCode method has no effect on the result of equals().
Mohamed Sanaulla
Saloon Keeper

Joined: Sep 08, 2007
Posts: 3152

Just to add to what Paul said.

References here mean the variable names. And Instances mean the actual object created with the "new" command.
The default implementation of equals() method (provided in the class Object)- checks if the 2 References are pointing to the same object on the heap.

You see that the default implementation doesnt actually check the contents of the objects these references point to, instead it just checks if these references point to the same object.

You can override the equals() method in your class and then provide a check to see if the contents are also equal.

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santosh dhulipala
Ranch Hand

Joined: Oct 21, 2010
Posts: 52
my doubt is
for comparison of two String's equal method check the contents
will it compare form the hascode genrated
as when creating strings it will verify if it already exist in the String pool if not create the new one and store the address

Thanks & Regards
Santosh Kumar.D

Campbell Ritchie

Joined: Oct 13, 2005
Posts: 46397
That applies to Strings and the wrapper classes (to a limited extent), but doesn't apply to your classes.

And I don't believe the String#equals(java.lang.Object) method uses the hash code. You would have to look in to be sure.
I agree. Here's the link:
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