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Author

problem with audio video sessions using jmf & rtp

ahmed hlal
Greenhorn

Joined: Mar 05, 2011
Posts: 2
Hello

I'm trying avTransmit2 and avReceive2

They didn't work

When i run the avTransmit then run avReceive , it gives me an error :

avTransmit2:

Track 0 is set to transmit as:
H263/RTP, 352x288
Created RTP session: 127.0.0.1 22222
Start transmission for 60 seconds...
...transmission ended.

avReceive2:

- Open RTP session for: addr: 127.0.0.1 port: 22222 ttl: 16
Cannot create the RTP Session: Can't open local data port: 22222
javax.media.rtp.InvalidSessionAddressException: Can't open local data port: 22222
at com.sun.media.rtp.RTPSessionMgr.initialize(RTPSessionMgr.java:2688)
at com.sun.media.rtp.RTPSessionMgr.initialize(RTPSessionMgr.java:2515)
at videoconferencing.AVReceive2.initialize(AVReceive2.java:115)
at videoconferencing.AVReceive2.main(AVReceive2.java:483)
Failed to initialize the sessions.
Java Result: -1

Can you help me please


my code:

AVTransmit>>>>>>>>>>>

import java.awt.*;
import java.io.*;
import java.net.InetAddress;
import javax.media.*;
import javax.media.protocol.*;
import javax.media.protocol.DataSource;
import javax.media.format.*;
import javax.media.control.TrackControl;
import javax.media.control.QualityControl;
import javax.media.rtp.*;
import javax.media.rtp.rtcp.*;
import com.sun.media.rtp.*;

public class AVTransmit2 {

// Input MediaLocator
// Can be a file or http or capture source
private MediaLocator locator;
private String ipAddress;
private int portBase;

private Processor processor = null;
private RTPManager rtpMgrs[];
private DataSource dataOutput = null;

public AVTransmit2(MediaLocator locator,
String ipAddress,
String pb,
Format format) {

this.locator = locator;
this.ipAddress = ipAddress;
Integer integer = Integer.valueOf(pb);
if (integer != null)
this.portBase = integer.intValue();
}

/**
* Starts the transmission. Returns null if transmission started ok.
* Otherwise it returns a string with the reason why the setup failed.
*/
public synchronized String start() {
String result;

// Create a processor for the specified media locator
// and program it to output JPEG/RTP
result = createProcessor();
if (result != null)
return result;

// Create an RTP session to transmit the output of the
// processor to the specified IP address and port no.
result = createTransmitter();
if (result != null) {
processor.close();
processor = null;
return result;
}

// Start the transmission
processor.start();

return null;
}

/**
* Stops the transmission if already started
*/
public void stop() {
synchronized (this) {
if (processor != null) {
processor.stop();
processor.close();
processor = null;
for (int i = 0; i < rtpMgrs.length; i++) {
rtpMgrs[i].removeTargets( "Session ended.");
rtpMgrs[i].dispose();
}
}
}
}

private String createProcessor() {
if (locator == null)
return "Locator is null";

DataSource ds;
DataSource clone;

try {
ds = javax.media.Manager.createDataSource(locator);
} catch (Exception e) {
return "Couldn't create DataSource";
}

// Try to create a processor to handle the input media locator
try {
processor = javax.media.Manager.createProcessor(ds);
} catch (NoProcessorException npe) {
return "Couldn't create processor";
} catch (IOException ioe) {
return "IOException creating processor";
}

// Wait for it to configure
boolean result = waitForState(processor, Processor.Configured);
if (result == false)
return "Couldn't configure processor";

// Get the tracks from the processor
TrackControl [] tracks = processor.getTrackControls();

// Do we have atleast one track?
if (tracks == null || tracks.length < 1)
return "Couldn't find tracks in processor";

// Set the output content descriptor to RAW_RTP
// This will limit the supported formats reported from
// Track.getSupportedFormats to only valid RTP formats.
ContentDescriptor cd = new ContentDescriptor(ContentDescriptor.RAW_RTP);
processor.setContentDescriptor(cd);

Format supported[];
Format chosen;
boolean atLeastOneTrack = false;

// Program the tracks.
for (int i = 0; i < tracks.length; i++) {
Format format = tracks[i].getFormat();
if (tracks[i].isEnabled()) {

supported = tracks[i].getSupportedFormats();

// We've set the output content to the RAW_RTP.
// So all the supported formats should work with RTP.
// We'll just pick the first one.

if (supported.length > 0) {
if (supported[0] instanceof VideoFormat) {
// For video formats, we should double check the
// sizes since not all formats work in all sizes.
chosen = checkForVideoSizes(tracks[i].getFormat(),
supported[0]);
} else
chosen = supported[0];
tracks[i].setFormat(chosen);
System.err.println("Track " + i + " is set to transmit as:");
System.err.println(" " + chosen);
atLeastOneTrack = true;
} else
tracks[i].setEnabled(false);
} else
tracks[i].setEnabled(false);
}

if (!atLeastOneTrack)
return "Couldn't set any of the tracks to a valid RTP format";

// Realize the processor. This will internally create a flow
// graph and attempt to create an output datasource for JPEG/RTP
// audio frames.
result = waitForState(processor, Controller.Realized);
if (result == false)
return "Couldn't realize processor";

// Set the JPEG quality to .5.
setJPEGQuality(processor, 0.5f);

// Get the output data source of the processor
dataOutput = processor.getDataOutput();

return null;
}


/**
* Use the RTPManager API to create sessions for each media
* track of the processor.
*/
private String createTransmitter() {

// Cheated. Should have checked the type.
PushBufferDataSource pbds = (PushBufferDataSource)dataOutput;
PushBufferStream pbss[] = pbds.getStreams();

rtpMgrs = new RTPManager[pbss.length];
SessionAddress localAddr, destAddr;
InetAddress ipAddr;
SendStream sendStream;
int port;
SourceDescription srcDesList[];

for (int i = 0; i < pbss.length; i++) {
try {
rtpMgrs[i] = RTPManager.newInstance();

// The local session address will be created on the
// same port as the the target port. This is necessary
// if you use AVTransmit2 in conjunction with JMStudio.
// JMStudio assumes - in a unicast session - that the
// transmitter transmits from the same port it is receiving
// on and sends RTCP Receiver Reports back to this port of
// the transmitting host.

port = portBase + 2*i;
ipAddr = InetAddress.getByName(ipAddress);

localAddr = new SessionAddress( InetAddress.getLocalHost(),
port);

destAddr = new SessionAddress( ipAddr, port);

rtpMgrs[i].initialize( localAddr);

rtpMgrs[i].addTarget( destAddr);

System.err.println( "Created RTP session: " + ipAddress + " " + port);

sendStream = rtpMgrs[i].createSendStream(dataOutput, i);
sendStream.start();
} catch (Exception e) {
return e.getMessage();
}
}

return null;
}


/**
* For JPEG and H263, we know that they only work for particular
* sizes. So we'll perform extra checking here to make sure they
* are of the right sizes.
*/
Format checkForVideoSizes(Format original, Format supported) {

int width, height;
Dimension size = ((VideoFormat)original).getSize();
Format jpegFmt = new Format(VideoFormat.JPEG_RTP);
Format h263Fmt = new Format(VideoFormat.H263_RTP);

if (supported.matches(jpegFmt)) {
// For JPEG, make sure width and height are divisible by 8.
width = (size.width % 8 == 0 ? size.width :
(int)(size.width / 8) * 8);
height = (size.height % 8 == 0 ? size.height :
(int)(size.height / 8) * 8);
} else if (supported.matches(h263Fmt)) {
// For H.263, we only support some specific sizes.
if (size.width < 128) {
width = 128;
height = 96;
} else if (size.width < 176) {
width = 176;
height = 144;
} else {
width = 352;
height = 288;
}
} else {
// We don't know this particular format. We'll just
// leave it alone then.
return supported;
}

return (new VideoFormat(null,
new Dimension(width, height),
Format.NOT_SPECIFIED,
null,
Format.NOT_SPECIFIED)).intersects(supported);
}


/**
* Setting the encoding quality to the specified value on the JPEG encoder.
* 0.5 is a good default.
*/
void setJPEGQuality(Player p, float val) {

Control cs[] = p.getControls();
QualityControl qc = null;
VideoFormat jpegFmt = new VideoFormat(VideoFormat.JPEG);

// Loop through the controls to find the Quality control for
// the JPEG encoder.
for (int i = 0; i < cs.length; i++) {

if (cs[i] instanceof QualityControl &&
cs[i] instanceof Owned) {
Object owner = ((Owned)cs[i]).getOwner();

// Check to see if the owner is a Codec.
// Then check for the output format.
if (owner instanceof Codec) {
Format fmts[] = ((Codec)owner).getSupportedOutputFormats(null);
for (int j = 0; j < fmts.length; j++) {
if (fmts[j].matches(jpegFmt)) {
qc = (QualityControl)cs[i];
qc.setQuality(val);
System.err.println("- Setting quality to " +
val + " on " + qc);
break;
}
}
}
if (qc != null)
break;
}
}
}


/****************************************************************
* Convenience methods to handle processor's state changes.
****************************************************************/

private Integer stateLock = new Integer(0);
private boolean failed = false;

Integer getStateLock() {
return stateLock;
}

void setFailed() {
failed = true;
}

private synchronized boolean waitForState(Processor p, int state) {
p.addControllerListener(new StateListener());
failed = false;

// Call the required method on the processor
if (state == Processor.Configured) {
p.configure();
} else if (state == Processor.Realized) {
p.realize();
}

// Wait until we get an event that confirms the
// success of the method, or a failure event.
// See StateListener inner class
while (p.getState() < state && !failed) {
synchronized (getStateLock()) {
try {
getStateLock().wait();
} catch (InterruptedException ie) {
return false;
}
}
}

if (failed)
return false;
else
return true;
}

/****************************************************************
* Inner Classes
****************************************************************/

class StateListener implements ControllerListener {

public void controllerUpdate(ControllerEvent ce) {

// If there was an error during configure or
// realize, the processor will be closed
if (ce instanceof ControllerClosedEvent)
setFailed();

// All controller events, send a notification
// to the waiting thread in waitForState method.
if (ce instanceof ControllerEvent) {
synchronized (getStateLock()) {
getStateLock().notifyAll();
}
}
}
}


/****************************************************************
* Sample Usage for AVTransmit2 class
****************************************************************/

public static void main(String [] args) {
// We need three parameters to do the transmission
// For example,
// java AVTransmit2 file:/C:/media/test.mov 129.130.131.132 42050

// if (args.length < 3) {
// prUsage();
// }

Format fmt = null;
int i = 0;

args = new String[3];
args[0]="vfw://0";
args[1]="127.0.0.1";
args[2]="22222";


// Create a audio transmit object with the specified params.
AVTransmit2 at = new AVTransmit2(new MediaLocator(args[i]),
args[i+1], args[i+2], fmt);
// Start the transmission
String result = at.start();

// result will be non-null if there was an error. The return
// value is a String describing the possible error. Print it.
if (result != null) {
System.err.println("Error : " + result);
System.exit(0);
}

System.err.println("Start transmission for 60 seconds...");

// Transmit for 60 seconds and then close the processor
// This is a safeguard when using a capture data source
// so that the capture device will be properly released
// before quitting.
// The right thing to do would be to have a GUI with a
// "Stop" button that would call stop on AVTransmit2
try {
Thread.currentThread().sleep(90000);
} catch (InterruptedException ie) {
}

// Stop the transmission
at.stop();

System.err.println("...transmission ended.");

System.exit(0);
}


static void prUsage() {
System.err.println("Usage: AVTransmit2 <sourceURL> <destIP> <destPortBase>");
System.err.println(" <sourceURL>: input URL or file name");
System.err.println(" <destIP>: multicast, broadcast or unicast IP address for the transmission");
System.err.println(" <destPortBase>: network port numbers for the transmission.");
System.err.println(" The first track will use the destPortBase.");
System.err.println(" The next track will use destPortBase + 2 and so on.\n");
System.exit(0);
}
}




AVReceive >>>>>>>>>>>>>
import java.io.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.net.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import java.util.Vector;

import javax.media.*;
import javax.media.rtp.*;
import javax.media.rtp.event.*;
import javax.media.rtp.rtcp.*;
import javax.media.protocol.*;
import javax.media.protocol.DataSource;
import javax.media.format.AudioFormat;
import javax.media.format.VideoFormat;
import javax.media.Format;
import javax.media.format.FormatChangeEvent;
import javax.media.control.BufferControl;


/**
* AVReceive2 to receive RTP transmission using the new RTP API.
*/
public class AVReceive2 implements ReceiveStreamListener, SessionListener,
ControllerListener
{
String sessions[] = null;
RTPManager mgrs[] = null;
Vector playerWindows = null;

boolean dataReceived = false;
Object dataSync = new Object();


public AVReceive2(String sessions[]) {
this.sessions = sessions;
}

protected boolean initialize() {

try {
InetAddress ipAddr;
SessionAddress localAddr = new SessionAddress();
SessionAddress destAddr;

mgrs = new RTPManager[sessions.length];
playerWindows = new Vector();

SessionLabel session;

// Open the RTP sessions.
for (int i = 0; i < sessions.length; i++) {

// Parse the session addresses.
try {
session = new SessionLabel(sessions[i]);
} catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
System.err.println("Failed to parse the session address given: " + sessions[i]);
return false;
}

System.err.println(" - Open RTP session for: addr: " + session.addr + " port: " + session.port + " ttl: " + session.ttl);

mgrs[i] = (RTPManager) RTPManager.newInstance();
mgrs[i].addSessionListener(this);
mgrs[i].addReceiveStreamListener(this);

ipAddr = InetAddress.getByName(session.addr);

if( ipAddr.isMulticastAddress()) {
// local and remote address pairs are identical:
localAddr= new SessionAddress( ipAddr,
session.port,
session.ttl);
destAddr = new SessionAddress( ipAddr,
session.port,
session.ttl);
} else {
localAddr= new SessionAddress( InetAddress.getLocalHost(),
session.port);
destAddr = new SessionAddress( ipAddr, session.port);
}

mgrs[i].initialize( localAddr);

// You can try out some other buffer size to see
// if you can get better smoothness.
BufferControl bc = (BufferControl)mgrs[i].getControl("javax.media.control.BufferControl");
if (bc != null)
bc.setBufferLength(350);

mgrs[i].addTarget(destAddr);
}

} catch (Exception e){
System.err.println("Cannot create the RTP Session: " + e.getMessage());
e.printStackTrace();
return false;
}

// Wait for data to arrive before moving on.

long then = System.currentTimeMillis();
long waitingPeriod = 30000; // wait for a maximum of 30 secs.

try{
synchronized (dataSync) {
while (!dataReceived &&
System.currentTimeMillis() - then < waitingPeriod) {
if (!dataReceived)
System.err.println(" - Waiting for RTP data to arrive...");
dataSync.wait(1000);
}
}
} catch (Exception e) {}

if (!dataReceived) {
System.err.println("No RTP data was received.");
close();
return false;
}

return true;
}


public boolean isDone() {
return playerWindows.size() == 0;
}


/**
* Close the players and the session managers.
*/
protected void close() {

for (int i = 0; i < playerWindows.size(); i++) {
try {
((PlayerWindow)playerWindows.elementAt(i)).close();
} catch (Exception e) {}
}

playerWindows.removeAllElements();

// close the RTP session.
for (int i = 0; i < mgrs.length; i++) {
if (mgrs[i] != null) {
mgrs[i].removeTargets( "Closing session from AVReceive2");
mgrs[i].dispose();
mgrs[i] = null;
}
}
}


PlayerWindow find(Player p) {
for (int i = 0; i < playerWindows.size(); i++) {
PlayerWindow pw = (PlayerWindow)playerWindows.elementAt(i);
if (pw.player == p)
return pw;
}
return null;
}


PlayerWindow find(ReceiveStream strm) {
for (int i = 0; i < playerWindows.size(); i++) {
PlayerWindow pw = (PlayerWindow)playerWindows.elementAt(i);
if (pw.stream == strm)
return pw;
}
return null;
}


/**
* SessionListener.
*/
public synchronized void update(SessionEvent evt) {
if (evt instanceof NewParticipantEvent) {
Participant p = ((NewParticipantEvent)evt).getParticipant();
System.err.println(" - A new participant had just joined: " + p.getCNAME());
}
}


/**
* ReceiveStreamListener
*/
public synchronized void update( ReceiveStreamEvent evt) {

RTPManager mgr = (RTPManager)evt.getSource();
Participant participant = evt.getParticipant(); // could be null.
ReceiveStream stream = evt.getReceiveStream(); // could be null.

if (evt instanceof RemotePayloadChangeEvent) {

System.err.println(" - Received an RTP PayloadChangeEvent.");
System.err.println("Sorry, cannot handle payload change.");
System.exit(0);

}

else if (evt instanceof NewReceiveStreamEvent) {

try {
stream = ((NewReceiveStreamEvent)evt).getReceiveStream();
DataSource ds = stream.getDataSource();

// Find out the formats.
RTPControl ctl = (RTPControl)ds.getControl("javax.media.rtp.RTPControl");
if (ctl != null){
System.err.println(" - Recevied new RTP stream: " + ctl.getFormat());
} else
System.err.println(" - Recevied new RTP stream");

if (participant == null)
System.err.println(" The sender of this stream had yet to be identified.");
else {
System.err.println(" The stream comes from: " + participant.getCNAME());
}

// create a player by passing datasource to the Media Manager
Player p = javax.media.Manager.createPlayer(ds);
if (p == null)
return;

p.addControllerListener(this);
p.realize();
PlayerWindow pw = new PlayerWindow(p, stream);
playerWindows.addElement(pw);

// Notify intialize() that a new stream had arrived.
synchronized (dataSync) {
dataReceived = true;
dataSync.notifyAll();
}

} catch (Exception e) {
System.err.println("NewReceiveStreamEvent exception " + e.getMessage());
return;
}

}

else if (evt instanceof StreamMappedEvent) {

if (stream != null && stream.getDataSource() != null) {
DataSource ds = stream.getDataSource();
// Find out the formats.
RTPControl ctl = (RTPControl)ds.getControl("javax.media.rtp.RTPControl");
System.err.println(" - The previously unidentified stream ");
if (ctl != null)
System.err.println(" " + ctl.getFormat());
System.err.println(" had now been identified as sent by: " + participant.getCNAME());
}
}

else if (evt instanceof ByeEvent) {

System.err.println(" - Got \"bye\" from: " + participant.getCNAME());
PlayerWindow pw = find(stream);
if (pw != null) {
pw.close();
playerWindows.removeElement(pw);
}
}

}


/**
* ControllerListener for the Players.
*/
public synchronized void controllerUpdate(ControllerEvent ce) {

Player p = (Player)ce.getSourceController();

if (p == null)
return;

// Get this when the internal players are realized.
if (ce instanceof RealizeCompleteEvent) {
PlayerWindow pw = find(p);
if (pw == null) {
// Some strange happened.
System.err.println("Internal error!");
System.exit(-1);
}
pw.initialize();
pw.setVisible(true);
p.start();
}

if (ce instanceof ControllerErrorEvent) {
p.removeControllerListener(this);
PlayerWindow pw = find(p);
if (pw != null) {
pw.close();
playerWindows.removeElement(pw);
}
System.err.println("AVReceive2 internal error: " + ce);
}

}


/**
* A utility class to parse the session addresses.
*/
class SessionLabel {

public String addr = null;
public int port;
public int ttl = 1;

SessionLabel(String session) throws IllegalArgumentException {

int off;
String portStr = null, ttlStr = null;

if (session != null && session.length() > 0) {
while (session.length() > 1 && session.charAt(0) == '/')
session = session.substring(1);

// Now see if there's a addr specified.
off = session.indexOf('/');
if (off == -1) {
if (!session.equals(""))
addr = session;
} else {
addr = session.substring(0, off);
session = session.substring(off + 1);
// Now see if there's a port specified
off = session.indexOf('/');
if (off == -1) {
if (!session.equals(""))
portStr = session;
} else {
portStr = session.substring(0, off);
session = session.substring(off + 1);
// Now see if there's a ttl specified
off = session.indexOf('/');
if (off == -1) {
if (!session.equals(""))
ttlStr = session;
} else {
ttlStr = session.substring(0, off);
}
}
}
}

if (addr == null)
throw new IllegalArgumentException();

if (portStr != null) {
try {
Integer integer = Integer.valueOf(portStr);
if (integer != null)
port = integer.intValue();
} catch (Throwable t) {
throw new IllegalArgumentException();
}
} else
throw new IllegalArgumentException();

if (ttlStr != null) {
try {
Integer integer = Integer.valueOf(ttlStr);
if (integer != null)
ttl = integer.intValue();
} catch (Throwable t) {
throw new IllegalArgumentException();
}
}
}
}


/**
* GUI classes for the Player.
*/
class PlayerWindow extends Frame {

Player player;
ReceiveStream stream;

PlayerWindow(Player p, ReceiveStream strm) {
player = p;
stream = strm;
}

public void initialize() {
add(new PlayerPanel(player));
}

public void close() {
player.close();
setVisible(false);
dispose();
}

public void addNotify() {
super.addNotify();
pack();
}
}


/**
* GUI classes for the Player.
*/
class PlayerPanel extends Panel {

Component vc, cc;

PlayerPanel(Player p) {
setLayout(new BorderLayout());
if ((vc = p.getVisualComponent()) != null)
add("Center", vc);
if ((cc = p.getControlPanelComponent()) != null)
add("South", cc);
}

public Dimension getPreferredSize() {
int w = 0, h = 0;
if (vc != null) {
Dimension size = vc.getPreferredSize();
w = size.width;
h = size.height;
}
if (cc != null) {
Dimension size = cc.getPreferredSize();
if (w == 0)
w = size.width;
h += size.height;
}
if (w < 160)
w = 160;
return new Dimension(w, h);
}
}


public static void main(String argv[]) {
//if (argv.length == 0)
// prUsage();
argv = new String[1];
argv[0]="127.0.0.1/22222/16";
AVReceive2 avReceive = new AVReceive2(argv);
if (!avReceive.initialize()) {
System.err.println("Failed to initialize the sessions.");
System.exit(-1);
}

// Check to see if AVReceive2 is done.
try {
while (!avReceive.isDone())
Thread.sleep(1000);
} catch (Exception e) {}

System.err.println("Exiting AVReceive2");
}


static void prUsage() {
System.err.println("Usage: AVReceive2 <session> <session> ...");
System.err.println(" <session>: <address>/<port>/<ttl>");
System.exit(0);
}

}// end of AVReceive2

 
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subject: problem with audio video sessions using jmf & rtp