This week's book giveaway is in the Design forum.
We're giving away four copies of Design for the Mind and have Victor S. Yocco on-line!
See this thread for details.
Win a copy of Design for the Mind this week in the Design forum!
  • Post Reply
  • Bookmark Topic Watch Topic
  • New Topic

Which scripting language to learn for Linux Administration

 
gold linux
Greenhorn
Posts: 2
  • Mark post as helpful
  • send pies
  • Quote
  • Report post to moderator

Which scripting language to learn for Linux Administration? Python, Ruby, Perl, or PHP?

Thanks

 
chris webster
Bartender
Posts: 2407
32
Linux Oracle Postgres Database Python Scala
  • Mark post as helpful
  • send pies
  • Quote
  • Report post to moderator
I'm no Linux admin, but I'd have thought the place to start would be with Linux shell scripting with "bash"?

Not sure how far you can use Ruby for operating system admin tasks, and PHP is only useful for web applications. Python is a nice (OO) scripting language with a lot of library support for operating system tasks, and I think Perl offers a lot of system functionality but is also a lot harder to learn.

But you should start with Linux shell scripting, firstly because that's what it's for, and secondly because you will probably be able to find lots of sample scripts on the web to do common administrative tasks.

 
Paul Santa Maria
Ranch Hand
Posts: 236
  • Mark post as helpful
  • send pies
  • Quote
  • Report post to moderator
Shell is an absolute "must know".

You should also be familiar with the differences between bash (which has all the bells and whistles, but is Linux specific) and the Korn shell (universal to just about all *nix OS's, a subset of bash).

Second scripting language? A toss-up between Perl and Python. "Python" is a toss-up between Python 2 (currently the most prevalent) and Python 3.

Ruby is a good language; it's popular with "Ruby-on-Rails" web applications. Similarly, PHP is most commonly used in PHP web apps.

IMHO .. PSM
 
Andrew Monkhouse
author and jackaroo
Marshal Commander
Pie
Posts: 11865
194
C++ Firefox Browser IntelliJ IDE Java Mac Oracle
  • Mark post as helpful
  • send pies
  • Quote
  • Report post to moderator
I agree with the comments above - learn shell scripting first.

chris webster wrote:... and PHP is only useful for web applications
PHP works quite well from the command line, and you can do admin work with it. However I don't know of any admins who grab it as their tool of choice.

Paul Santa Maria wrote:... bash (which has all the bells and whistles, but is Linux specific)
GNU Bash is the shell used by default in Linux systems, but it is GNU software, not Linux specific software. It is also the default shell on a number of other operating systems, including Macintosh OS. For what it is worth, I don't remember an OS that I have used in the last 10 years that I have not used Bash on (including Windows 95, NT, 2000, XP; AIX, HPUX, VOS, FTX, ...)

Personally I use awk for a lot of my scripting, simply because when I first started using Unix systems, awk was always installed, but Perl was not guaranteed. Plus it is very C like. However if I were to start over, I would learn shell scripting first, then learn Perl.
 
  • Post Reply
  • Bookmark Topic Watch Topic
  • New Topic