This week's book giveaway is in the OCAJP 8 forum. We're giving away four copies of OCA Java SE 8 Programmer I Study Guide and have Edward Finegan & Robert Liguori on-line! See this thread for details.
What you are describing ("brain of an insect") is closer related to the field of Neurobiology. As for the computer related question, what you are describing are Neural Networks, which is in the field of Artificial Intelligence.