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Not able to understant the error $Proxy7 cannot be cast

Rahul Shivsharan
Ranch Hand

Joined: Jun 17, 2009
Posts: 83
I am practising out the AOP,
this is the code as follows,

this is Performer.java,

this is Singer.java,

this is Audience.java,

this is AudienceAround.java,

this is beans-cfg-3_0.xml,

and the class having the main method MainPractise35.java,

My question is, in the class MainPractise35.java, if i typecast the Singer class , i get error PROBLEM java.lang.ClassCastException: $Proxy7 cannot be cast to com.aoptwo.Singer

but if i typecast the same using Performer class it runs fine ,
this is the changed code,

So can you please explain why my previous code was not running, thought i am type casting Singer why it gives an Proxy error
Rahul Shivsharan
Ranch Hand

Joined: Jun 17, 2009
Posts: 83
Sorry for the SOP's
Rishi Shehrawat
Ranch Hand

Joined: Aug 11, 2010
Posts: 218

Spring uses the interface to create the proxies. This is the reason you are not able to cast to actual class, but are able to cast to the interface the class is implementing. Spring basically uses the decorator pattern to add additional functionality & then make call to actual class in the proxy.
Rahul Shivsharan
Ranch Hand

Joined: Jun 17, 2009
Posts: 83
SPring creates proxy class and that proxy class has the additional methods of advice

So here according to the above example,
the proxy class will have methods of

Am i right ?

One more Question,

In the above example I typecasted Performer with the proxy object of Singer and i invoked perform method throught the reference of Performer.
What if i want to invoke method which is present only in Singer class, let say method xyz() in class Singer ,

than invoking xyz() using performed will give compilation error right ?

Rahul Shivsharan
Ranch Hand

Joined: Jun 17, 2009
Posts: 83
Still waiting for the reply
Jayesh A Lalwani

Joined: Jan 17, 2008
Posts: 2272

It depends on whether Spring is using JDK Proxy of CGLib to create the proxy. If it's using JDK proxy, the generated code looks logically like this

So, SingerProxy implements the Performer interface. It encapsulates the actual object that it's proxying. In the implementation of perform, it gets the actual method that it should call in the encapsulated object, and then invokes the pointcut. The Pointcut will call your around method and then invoke the perform method on the encapsulated object.

CGLib is a bit differrent

SingerProxy extends Singer and inherits all the methods from Singer. In the perform method it invokes the pointcut which does it's thing and then invokes the super.perform

That's why using JDK proxy you cannot cast the proxy to Singer, because the proxy doesn't extend Singer

Again, this is a logical explanation of how it works. In reality, it's quite a bit different. If you are interested in actually going into the details, it would help to debug the code and inspect the proxy object. The debugger will show you all the private and public members of the proxy. If you have the spring sources, you can debug through the spring sources and see how spring creates the proxy.

I agree. Here's the link: http://aspose.com/file-tools
subject: Not able to understant the error $Proxy7 cannot be cast
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