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Spring vs. Struts

Rob Hunter
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Joined: Apr 09, 2002
Posts: 832
I'm getting over the basics of Java programming and I'm looking over web frameworks and such. I've heard both Struts and Spring come up numerous times and I was wondering (hopefully applicable) why choose Spring over Struts or vice versa? I don't want to jump into learning one over the other if the latter is the better. Since this is a Spring forum I'll assume most people prefer Spring over Struts, but why? Thanks so much in advance for helpful insight into what best to use and for what reason.
Ashish Sarin
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Joined: Nov 20, 2000
Posts: 432
Hi Rob,

Spring is a platform for developing enterprise Java applications. Struts is only a web framework. Spring also has a Spring Web MVC framework which is quite sophisticated.


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Tim Holloway
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Joined: Jun 25, 2001
Posts: 17417

You don't "prefer Spring over Struts." Spring and Struts are not mutually exclusive. Nor, for that matter are Spring and JSF, which is what I've beein using since I moved on from Struts.

In point of fact, most of my recent webapps are Spring+JSF apps. While I don't have much use for the Spring MVC subsystem, which is the one part of Spring that does kind of run as an alternative to UI technologies like Struts and JSF, I do have one app that even mixes a little Spring MVC in with the JSF.

In my JSF apps, the persistence layers are entirely Spring-based, as are certain other pluggable subsystems, such as emailers that I like to swap out for testing purposes.

An IDE is no substitute for an Intelligent Developer.
Saifuddin Merchant
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Joined: Feb 08, 2009
Posts: 607

I've been thinking along similar lines...comparing between Spring MVC and Struts-2 and I find both frameworks to be pretty good enough

I guess the technology to prefer would depend on the team and existing code base. Spring can integrate very well with Struts too!!

If you want to learn a technology I'd say Spring because it is so much more than just MVC...On the other hands its really vast and learning it can be more difficult than Struts.
(Struts is just a MVC framework, Spring is well ... everything!!!)

Cheers - Sam.
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