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Problem deploying Struts WAR

Matthew Snow
Ranch Hand

Joined: May 02, 2007
Posts: 82
We have a Tomcat 4.1.31 running in a JVM 1.4.2_09 on our server (yes an upgrade is overdue). I've built a Jakarta Struts application and have previously deployed it successfully. However, I have since made some changes to the source code and when trying to deploy the WAR file back to Tomcat I get the following error:

javax.servlet.UnavailableException: Parsing error processing resource path /WEB-INF/struts-config.xml
at org.apache.struts.action.ActionServlet.initApplicationConfig(
at org.apache.struts.action.ActionServlet.init(
at javax.servlet.GenericServlet.init(

By trial and error, I've found that I can successfully deploy the WAR if I remove all my <action-mappings> declarations from the struts-config.xml which of course leaves me dead in the water.

I have a feeling this has to be a Tomcat issue and not a struts issue since I can delpoy it successfully on my own machine (using the same Tomcat version and JVM environment). I have also tried creating a bare bones struts app with a single action class, but I still get this error (unless I remove the <action-mappings> of course).

So far I've tried placing the struts.jar in the common/lib directory as well as the server/lib directory (which probably isn't necesary). I have also tried downloading the struts-config_1_1.dtd and referencing it directy from the struts-config.xml file rather than through http.

Here is the struts-config.xml file of the bare bones app (it's smaller):

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1" ?>

<!DOCTYPE struts-config PUBLIC
"-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 1.1//EN"

<form-bean name="lookupForm" type="app.LookupForm" />

<action path="/Lookup" type="app.LookupAction" name="lookupForm">
<forward name="success" path="/success.jsp" />
<forward name="failure" path="/index.jsp" />

When you break the big rules, you get a lot of little rules.
Jim Hardin
Ranch Hand

Joined: Aug 02, 2006
Posts: 46
Is your struts-config.xml really getting packaged in your WAR (try looking inside, via "jar -tvf" or winzip to make sure), and is it really getting packaged in your WEB-INF dir. If that all checks out fine, maybe your editor is putting some extended-ASCII characters in the file, possibly invalidating it? What happens if you do an XML validate of "struts-config.xml" (using any XML validation tool you might available, Eclipse, NetBeans, Spy)? Good luck.
Matthew Snow
Ranch Hand

Joined: May 02, 2007
Posts: 82
Thanks for the reply. Unzipping the WAR with PKZIP reveiled that the struts-config.xml is being packaged in the WEB-INF dir. I doubt that the editor I'm using (eclipse 3.2 with packaging done with MyEclipse 5.1) is inserting extended-ASCII characters since I've deployed Struts applications to this Tomcat before without any problems. Also, an xml validate within eclipse 3.2 brings up no errors.
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