I've just recently taken to trying to learn Java, and I've been reading up on some books and viewing the pages and pages of documentation. I've been programming in C for 10+ years now and I know the pitfalls of developing bad habits when learning something new, so I'm hoping the Java experts here can help guide me in the ways I'm doing things wrong, how to do things better, and hopefully explain some of the inner workings of Java.
Anyway, I've been working on creating some simple Java programs trying to gain familiarity with the language, and with regards to writing to a file, I'm curious as the best way to go about it?
1) Relative paths. Just like in other contexts, without a leading "/" for unix or "C:/", for Windows, or whatever indicates and absolute path in your file system, the file name will be relative to the user's current working directory. This can lead to confusion, as beginners often assume there's some relationship between that directory and where the main class lives. There's not. Just like executing any other program it's where you current "are" when you invoke the java executable. This is really an OS/shell/file system issue, rather than a Java one, but class files and classpath seem to confuse people.
2) You didn't call newLine(), or whatever BR's method of that nature is. Not a problem here, but if you call write() again, the two will be run together.
3) No need for an explicit flush() here, as close() calls flush().
4) This is the only significant error I see: You should always call close() in a finally block. Such as:
There is one flaw in your code - you may not always close the file. If an exception occurs while writing or flushing, the file will not be closed. By using a try-finally block (or try-with-resources since Java 7) you can ensure that it will: