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Bean initialization in spring

Sudhanshu Mishra
Ranch Hand

Joined: May 28, 2011
Posts: 235

Hi all,
I am trying to understand the bean creation mechanism in spring.I have a doubt regarding the same.I want to know that when do we get the bean object (assuming the bean configuration is done in the xml file xxx-servlet.xml)?Does it happens as soon as we load the xml file from the path?or does it happens when we call a method from BeanFactory interface(or ApplicationContext interface)?


Bill Gorder

Joined: Mar 07, 2010
Posts: 1682

Assuming that the beans are eagerly loaded (the default) it will be created when the application context is initialized. The container will call interfaces on BeanFactory (and others) to create and initialize those beans as part of the initialization process.

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Sudhanshu Mishra
Ranch Hand

Joined: May 28, 2011
Posts: 235

Thanks for the reply.
But i still want to get one thing clear.What is really an application context?Who creates it?Do i have my beans created as soon as my xml files are loaded/read by container?

I would be grateful for the answers.
Jayesh A Lalwani
Saloon Keeper

Joined: Jan 17, 2008
Posts: 2746

You probably want to pick up a book on Spring. It will go in much more detail. I reccommend Spring In Action. It explains how the application context is loaded and how beans are initialized and wired

To answer your question, if you have a standalone app that you want to use spring in, you have to load the application context from the main method yourself. So, in your main method you do something like this

This call starts the application context, loads the xml, parses the xml, creates the beans, initializes the beans before returning. Basically, the container and beans are loaded for you from the constructor

If you are writing a webapp using spring, generally, you add something like this in your web.xml

Basically, you declare a servlet of type org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet to start on startup. This servlet will load the Application Context on startup. It will do exactly what your main method would do.
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