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Issue with struts tag - bean:message : Missing message for key "welcome.title"

girija rao
Greenhorn

Joined: Feb 27, 2008
Posts: 4
Hi

I am trying out a sample struts application and have used a bean tag in my jsp.In the MessageResources.properties, i have defined the message "welcome.title". I made entry of the messageresource in th struts-config.xml.Placed in the WEB-INF of tomcat. When i start the tomcat, the MessageResources.properties file gets build up in the classes folder of WEB-INF in tomcat, which shows perfectly that the application is able to recognize the properties file.

But when i start tomcat and try viewing the jsp page thro' localhost, I get the error message

javax.servlet.jsp.JspException: Missing message for key "welcome.title"
org.apache.struts.taglib.bean.MessageTag.doStartTag(MessageTag.java:235)
org.apache.jsp.pages.SearchTutorial_jsp._jspx_meth_bean_005fmessage_005f0(SearchTutorial_jsp.java:152)
org.apache.jsp.pages.SearchTutorial_jsp._jspx_meth_html_005fhtml_005f0(SearchTutorial_jsp.java:111)
org.apache.jsp.pages.SearchTutorial_jsp._jspService(SearchTutorial_jsp.java:80)
org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:98)
javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:803)
org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:331)
org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:329)
org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:265)
javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:803)

I dont understand why this error is coming up. I have tried all ways to solve, but in vain.
I am copying the jsp below.

<%@ taglib uri="/tags/struts-bean" prefix="bean" %>
<%@ taglib uri="/tags/struts-html" prefix="html" %>
<html:html locale="true">
<head>
<title><bean:message key="welcome.title"/></title>
<html:base/>
</head>
<body bgcolor="white">
<html:form action="/searchTutorial">
<html:errors/>
<table>
<tr>
<td align="right">
Search Tutorial
</td>
<td align="left">
<html:text property="keyword" size="30" maxlength="30"/>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="right">
<html:submit>Search</html:submit>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
</html:form>
</body>
</html:html>

Any help reg would be appreciated.

Thanks in advance

Girija
Brent Sterling
Ranch Hand

Joined: Feb 08, 2006
Posts: 948
It does not sounds like a problem with your JSP but a problem with the loading of the properties files. What does your message-resources setting in your struts-config file look like?

- Brent
girija rao
Greenhorn

Joined: Feb 27, 2008
Posts: 4
its actually similar to the struts-blank application..that works fine with the same MessageResources.properties file.here is the file :

# -- standard errors --
errors.header=<UL>
errors.prefix=<LI>
errors.suffix=</LI>
errors.footer=</UL>
# -- validator --
errors.invalid={0} is invalid.
errors.maxlength={0} can not be greater than {1} characters.
errors.minlength={0} can not be less than {1} characters.
errors.range={0} is not in the range {1} through {2}.
errors.required={0} is required.
errors.byte={0} must be an byte.
errors.date={0} is not a date.
errors.double={0} must be an double.
errors.float={0} must be an float.
errors.integer={0} must be an integer.
errors.long={0} must be an long.
errors.short={0} must be an short.
errors.creditcard={0} is not a valid credit card number.
errors.email={0} is an invalid e-mail address.
# -- other --
errors.cancel=Operation cancelled.
errors.detail={0}
errors.general=The process did not complete. Details should follow.
errors.token=Request could not be completed. Operation is not in sequence.
# -- welcome --
welcome.title=Struts Blank Application
welcome.heading=Welcome!
welcome.message=To get started on your own application, copy the struts-blank.war to a new WAR file using the name for your application. Place it in your container's "webapp" folder (or equivalent), and let your container auto-deploy the application. Edit the skeleton configuration files as needed, restart your container, and you are on your way! (You can find the application.properties file with this message in the /WEB-INF/src/java/resources folder.)

error.keyword.required=Search Key Word is required

any pointers??
Maadhava Rao
Greenhorn

Joined: Mar 02, 2007
Posts: 6
if you copy your struts-config.xml file here,there is a chance to find the error
girija rao
Greenhorn

Joined: Feb 27, 2008
Posts: 4
struts-config.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1" ?>

<!DOCTYPE struts-config PUBLIC
"-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 1.2//EN"
"http://jakarta.apache.org/struts/dtds/struts-config_1_2.dtd">

<!--
This is a blank Struts configuration file with an example
welcome action/page and other commented sample elements.

Tiles and the Struts Validator are configured using the factory defaults
and are ready-to-use.

NOTE: If you have a generator tool to create the corresponding Java classes
for you, you could include the details in the "form-bean" declarations.
Otherwise, you would only define the "form-bean" element itself, with the
corresponding "name" and "type" attributes, as shown here.
-->


<struts-config>

<!-- ============================================ Data Source Configuration -->
<!--
<data-sources>
<data-source type="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource">
<set-property
property="driverClassName"
value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" />
<set-property
property="url"
value="jdbc:mysql://localhost/struts-hibernate" />
<set-property
property="username"
value="root" />
<set-property
property="password"
value="" />
<set-property
property="maxActive"
value="10" />
<set-property
property="maxWait"
value="5000" />
<set-property
property="defaultAutoCommit"
value="false" />
<set-property
property="defaultReadOnly"
value="false" />
<set-property
property="validationQuery"
value="SELECT COUNT(*) FROM tutorials" />
</data-source>
</data-sources>
-->

<!-- ================================================ Form Bean Definitions -->

<form-beans>
<!-- sample form bean descriptor for an ActionForm
<form-bean
name="inputForm"
type="app.InputForm"/>
end sample -->

<!-- sample form bean descriptor for a DynaActionForm
<form-bean
name="logonForm"
type="org.apache.struts.action.DynaActionForm">
<form-property
name="username"
type="java.lang.String"/>
<form-property
name="password"
type="java.lang.String"/>
</form-bean>
end sample -->

<form-bean
name="TutorialSearch"
type="roseindia.web.SearchTutorialActionForm">
</form-bean>

</form-beans>


<!-- ========================================= Global Exception Definitions -->

<global-exceptions>
<!-- sample exception handler
<exception
key="expired.password"
type="app.ExpiredPasswordException"
path="/changePassword.jsp"/>
end sample -->
</global-exceptions>


<!-- =========================================== Global Forward Definitions -->

<global-forwards>
<!-- Default forward to "Welcome" action -->
<!-- Demonstrates using index.jsp to forward -->
<forward
name="welcome"
path="/Welcome.do"/>
</global-forwards>


<!-- =========================================== Action Mapping Definitions -->

<action-mappings>
<!-- Default "Welcome" action -->
<!-- Forwards to Welcome.jsp -->
<action
path="/Welcome"
forward="/pages/Welcome.jsp"/>

<action
path="/searchTutorial"
type="roseindia.web.SearchTutorialAction"
name="TutorialSearch"
scope="request"
validate="true"
input="/pages/SearchTutorial.jsp">
<forward name="success" path="/pages/SearchResultPage.jsp"/>
</action>
<!-- sample input and input submit actions

<action
path="/Input"
type="org.apache.struts.actions.ForwardAction"
parameter="/pages/Input.jsp"/>

<action
path="/InputSubmit"
type="app.InputAction"
name="inputForm"
scope="request"
validate="true"
input="/pages/Input.jsp"/>

<action
path="/edit*"
type="app.Edit{1}Action"
name="inputForm"
scope="request"
validate="true"
input="/pages/Edit{1}.jsp"/>

end samples -->
</action-mappings>


<!-- ============================================= Controller Configuration -->

<controller
processorClass="org.apache.struts.tiles.TilesRequestProcessor"/>


<!-- ======================================== Message Resources Definitions -->

<message-resources parameter="MessageResources"/>



<!-- =============================================== Plug Ins Configuration -->

<!-- ======================================================= Tiles plugin -->
<!--
This plugin initialize Tiles definition factory. This later can takes some
parameters explained here after. The plugin first read parameters from
web.xml, thenoverload them with parameters defined here. All parameters
are optional.
The plugin should be declared in each struts-config file.
- definitions-config: (optional)
Specify configuration file names. There can be several comma
separated file names (default: ?? )
- moduleAware: (optional - struts1.1)
Specify if the Tiles definition factory is module aware. If true
(default), there will be one factory for each Struts module.
If false, there will be one common factory for all module. In this
later case, it is still needed to declare one plugin per module.
The factory will be initialized with parameters found in the first
initialized plugin (generally the one associated with the default
module).
true : One factory per module. (default)
false : one single shared factory for all modules
- definitions-parser-validate: (optional)
Specify if xml parser should validate the Tiles configuration file.
true : validate. DTD should be specified in file header (default)
false : no validation

Paths found in Tiles definitions are relative to the main context.
-->

<plug-in className="org.apache.struts.tiles.TilesPlugin" >

<!-- Path to XML definition file -->
<set-property property="definitions-config"
value="/WEB-INF/tiles-defs.xml" />
<!-- Set Module-awareness to true -->
<set-property property="moduleAware" value="true" />
</plug-in>



<plug-in className="roseindia.net.plugin.HibernatePlugIn">
<!-- <set-property property="configFilePath" value="/hibernate.cfg.xml" />-->
</plug-in>

<!-- =================================================== Validator plugin -->

<plug-in className="org.apache.struts.validator.ValidatorPlugIn">
<set-property
property="pathnames"
value="/WEB-INF/validator-rules.xml,/WEB-INF/validation.xml"/>
</plug-in>





</struts-config>
Brent Sterling
Ranch Hand

Joined: Feb 08, 2006
Posts: 948
Try deploying your properties file to the WEB-INF\classes directory. That is what I do. Here is a link with some more info:

http://www.learntechnology.net/content/struts/message_resources.jsp#where-to-put-it

- Brent
girija rao
Greenhorn

Joined: Feb 27, 2008
Posts: 4
Thanks, I got it corrected. Actually there is no problem with the files..i only re-did the whole application and it started working fine..
kinda wierd but it did..
 
I agree. Here's the link: http://aspose.com/file-tools
 
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